CLA204H1 - November 8
CLA204: Introduction to Classical Mythology!
***Image: Theseus about to leave and abandon Ariadne while she is asleep!
!- Theseus holding onto a boat (showing that he is about to leave)!
!- other than that, not much to identify him!
!- depicted as a young man, as he generally is!
!- Athena there as well because she sides with heroes!
! ! - one version of the story says that Athena told Theseus to leave Ariadne since
Dionysos was in love with her!
! ! - can tell it is Athena from the spear and Gorgon head!
!- winged ﬁgure is sleep (Hypnos)!
! ! - shows that Ariadne is asleep!
***Image: archaic black-ﬁgure painting of Theseus killing the minotaur!
!- nothing distinguishing aside from the myth!
!- surrounding ﬁgures are the other young men and women sent to Crete to be
sacriﬁced to the minotaur!
***Image: Mosaic in Pompeii!
!- shows Theseus killing the minotaur!
!- something on his arm!
!- surrounded by a pattern that resembles the maze!
! ! - ﬁnds Minotaur in the central room of the maze and must ﬁnd his way out again!
Theseus and the Minotaur!
!- death of Aegeus!
! ! - carelessness of Theseus!
! ! ! - when Theseus was leaving, Aegeus told him to change the sails
depending on the outcome of his actions!
! ! ! - if he won, the sail was supposed to be white (rather than black)!
! ! ! - Theseus forgot to change the sail, so it is black!
! ! ! - Aegeus is sad that Theseus has supposedly died, so he jumps into the sea
! ! ! - in some versions Theseus is so distraught that he had to leave Ariadne
that he doesn't change the sails to white!
!- aetiology for Aegean sea!
!- Theseus now king!
! ! - political changes in Athens!
! ! - doesn't just rule as a regular king; many other assignments!
!• Goes to land of the Amazons!
! ! - in some versions he wants to ﬁnd a bride (Antiope)--wants to abduct her!
! ! – Apollodorus has a different version: accompanied Heracles!
! ! ! – Friendly reception!
! ! ! - Heracles sleeps with Hippolyta and there is the misunderstanding!
! ! – Theseus abducts Antiope/Hippolyta !
! ! ! • in some versions, Antiope is a reward (for helping Heracles)!
! ! - Theseus goes home and takes Antiope with him as a wife!
!• Amazons invade Attica!
! ! - near the Acropolis!
! ! - sacriﬁce to Ares on a hill where they set up!
! ! – Aeropagus = “Hill of Ares”!
! ! - Athenians win!
! ! - Amazons represents a scary group of people--inversion of what it means to be a
proper woman--not girls but also not married women!
! ! ! - ﬁght and act like men!
! ! ! - live on the remote edges of the known world!
! ! - depicted at the Parthenon!
! ! - Athenians really were in wars (against Persians) and because of that success
their inﬂuence and power skyrocketed!
! ! - build a Parthenon (temple to Athena) and decorate it with scenes of
mythological Athenians ﬁghting off foreign invaders!
!• Theseus + Antiope -> Hippolytos !
! ! – Euripides Hippolytos!
!!! - story told in many cultures!
! ! ! - Potopher's wife!
! ! ! - Phaedra falls in love with stepson, he says no, she accuses him of rape,
Phaedra kills herself, Theseus blames Phaedra and kills Hippolytos, later the truth
! ! – Theseus marries Phaedra after he either divorces Antiope or she dies!
***Image: an Amazonomachy (not necessarily the Theseus one)!
!- a woman about to be killed on the ground!
!- another woman on horseback being attacked (most likely Amazons, traditionally
shown on horseback(!
!- something similar to this image was on the Parthenon!
!- this one is more intact that that on the Parthenon!
***Image: Theseus ﬁghting an Amazon on horseback with another warrior in front!
!- Amazon on horseback with a spear!
!- wearing some sort of near-Eastern clothing--not Greek!
!- Theseus on the right, wearing weird sandals and traveller's cap/cloak (always on
!- shown without a beard because he is a youth!
!- depicting the Amazonomachy; Athenians and Theseus defending the culture!
Theseus and Pirithoüs !
!- friend wants to test to see if Theseus is as great as everyone says!
!- tries to steal some of his ﬂocks!
!- Theseus catches him!
!- they respect each other and become best friends!
!- Pirithous is about to get married, they go to Thessaly!
!- centaurs invited to the wedding because they are distant cousins of the Lapiths
(people of Thessaly)!
! ! - centaurs try to rape the women at the wedding!
! ! – Battle of Lapiths and Theseus against Centaurs !
! ! - defending Greek culture against a negative force!
! ! - this event is also honoured on the Parthenon!
!• New wives (because the wife of Pirithous dies, and Phaedra is gone)!
! ! - they go out together to look for wives!
! ! – Abduct Helen (same person from Trojan war) from Sparta !
! ! ! • Aethra (Theseus's mother) looks after her until she is of age!
! ! ! - they then go off to ﬁnd a new wife for Pirithous!
! ! ! • Dioscurii (Helen's brothers) get her back and besiege the city!
! ! ! ! - also take Aethra to be a slave of Helen!
! ! – Pirithoüs fancies Persephone !
! ! ! • Journey to Underworld (katabasis) to ask Hades if they can have
! ! ! • Hades welcomes them in, tells them to sit, and traps them!
! ! ! ! - trapped on thrones in the underworld!
! ! ! • Heracles rescues Theseus!
! ! ! ! - while down there he sees Theseus and Pirithous!
! ! ! ! - Heracles pulls Theseus free!
! ! ! ! - Theseus leaves!
! ! ! ! - Pirithous doesn't get rescued because the earth trembles when
Heracles tries to rescue him, he is stuck forever!
! ! ! ! - Theseus doing something like Heracles (katabasis)!
***Image: part of the Parthenon, centauromachy!
!- centaur ﬁghting a human!
***Image: Theseus or a Lapith warrior spearing a centaur!
!- blood or bits dripping out !
!- shows the centauromachy!