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9 Jan 2011
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Chapter Three: Creation Myths
-Greeks view earth as flat
oThe world according to Hecataeus 500BC; river (ocean) flows around disc of land
oSky is a dome over land, touches the edges of the world; basically a roof; said that it was
made of bronze or iron
๎€gods lived on top of the roof; the divine realm is reachable, not of a parallel universe
osun god travelled across dome, but never back across so greeks thought there would be
something below - possibly underground > the underworld which is far below the land
ounderworld realm also reachable and not part of a parallel universe
-Hesiod on origins of the Kosmos (universe, world order)
oTheogony116-125
ofirst Chaos, then Gaia, then Tartarus, then Eros; from Chaos > Erebus and Night; from
Night + Erebus > Aether and Day
-four โ€œprimal realitiesโ€
ocome into being separately and together, not born of each other
oChaos: a โ€œyawning voidโ€
๎€Not empty space, but also no form
๎€Substantial enough to be affected by heat of Zeusโ€™ thunderbolt (according to Hesiod)
๎€Feminine divine power, not anthropomorphic
๎€Source of dark, negative things
oGaia: earth
๎€Nothing to suggest Hesiod thought Gaia looked any diff at the origin of universe
than it did in his own time; so earth looked the same the whole time
oTartarus: beneath earth
๎€Dim, murky
๎€Deep below earth; as far below as heavens are above it; below Hades
๎€A bronze hammer would take 9 days to fall into Tartarus (on the 10th day) from land
๎€Secure prison for divine forces; separate from Hades (but is lumped together later on
in time)
oEros: love, desire; fairest of all
๎€Generative force for mating and procreation
๎€w/out this desire no reason to procreate = no other generations of gods
ohuman perspective, desire gives birth to rest of creation
-Ovid on creation
oMetamorphoses 1.5-9, 15-20
oBefore the sea and lands began to be,
before the sky had covered every thing,
then all of natureโ€™s face was featureless -
what men call โ€œchaosโ€: undigested mass
of crude, confused and scumbled elements,
a heap of seeds that clashed, of things mismatched.
โ€ฆ
For though the sea and land and air were there,
the land could not be walked upon, the sea
could not be swum, the air was without spendor;
no thing maintained its shape; all were at war;
in one same body cold and hot would battle;
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Document Summary

Hesiod on origins of the kosmos (universe, world order: theogony116-125, first chaos, then gaia, then tartarus, then eros; from chaos > erebus and night; from. Night + erebus > aether and day four primal realities : come into being separately and together, not born of each other, chaos: a yawning void . not empty space, but also no form. substantial enough to be affected by heat of zeus" thunderbolt (according to hesiod) source of dark, negative things: gaia: earth. nothing to suggest hesiod thought gaia looked any diff at the origin of universe than it did in his own time; so earth looked the same the whole time: tartarus: beneath earth. deep below earth; as far below as heavens are above it; below hades. a bronze hammer would take 9 days to fall into tartarus (on the 10th day) from land.

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