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chapt 4/5

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Claesson Welsh

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Sep 24, 2010
Chapter Four ctd, Chapter Five
The Flood
-Antonio Tempesta The Flood (1606)
-Zeus travels convinced him that he must destroy mankind; one house had fallen but not one
house only deserved to perish Metamorphoses1.240
-New race of mortals promised; improvement over current gen
-Destruction of Lycaons home shows Zeus that his lightning bolt is not option; danger of mass
destruction too great > if the houses burn, the realm of the gods could be burned too
-Flood as option to wipe out everyone
-In flood, Deucalion and Pyrrha (pious couple) come aground on mountaintop and worships the
nymph and Themis
oZeus sees that the pious couple survive, stops storm and flood; land re-emerges
oSeeing devastation, couple pray to Themis and seek help
Themis the god of families, relationships, harmony
oOracle: Go away from my temple, cover your heads and unloose the fastenings of your
garments, and toss the bones of the great mother behind your back.
-Deucalion decides that oracles are truly holy and never urge evil; interprets great mother as earth,
bones as rocks
-Following the oracles words, they throw stones behind them which turn into mortal forms;
animals and other living things grow from heat, moisture and earth
-Domenico Beccafumi Deucalion and Pyrrha (before 1518)
The Twelve Olympians
-Worship of a canon of deities who dwelled on/were closely connected w/ Mount Olympus postdates
the rise of Zeus
oGods and goddesses are closely related to Zeus; shares powers over individual realms but
ultimately subordinate to him
-The twelve (fourteen) Olympians:
oZeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hephaestus, Ares, Apollo, Artemis, Demeter, Aphrodite, Athena,
Hermes, Dionysus, Hades and Hestia
-Cronus + Rhea = Hestia, Hades, Poseidon, Demeter, Hera, Zeus
oHera = Hebe, Hephaistos, Ares, Eileithyia
oZeus = Athena, Hermes, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Apollo, Artemis
-Hestia (Greek for hearth)
oEldest child of Cronus and Rhea
oGoddess of hearth and sacred fire; and by extension, protectress of domestic fire (sacred)
and of city
oVery little mythology; representations are few and far between
oYoungest child of Cronus and Rhea
oLusty; celebration or glorification of male roles: husband/father/lover
oStands removed from human moral standards
oAs the one god, concerned for morality of gods and humanity; justice
oAttributes: thunder, lightning, beard, eagle, oak tree
-Zeus and Hera
oHera daughter of Cronus and Rhea, sister/consort of Zeus
oVery little mythology about her independent of her role as Zeus ‘wife, but she still has
tremendous power
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