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Chapter Four ctd, Chapter Five
The Flood
-Antonio Tempesta The Flood (1606)
-Zeus travels convinced him that he must destroy mankind; one house had fallen but not one
house only deserved to perish Metamorphoses1.240
-New race of mortals promised; improvement over current gen
-Destruction of Lycaons home shows Zeus that his lightning bolt is not option; danger of mass
destruction too great > if the houses burn, the realm of the gods could be burned too
-Flood as option to wipe out everyone
-In flood, Deucalion and Pyrrha (pious couple) come aground on mountaintop and worships the
nymph and Themis
oZeus sees that the pious couple survive, stops storm and flood; land re-emerges
oSeeing devastation, couple pray to Themis and seek help
Themis the god of families, relationships, harmony
oOracle: Go away from my temple, cover your heads and unloose the fastenings of your
garments, and toss the bones of the great mother behind your back.
-Deucalion decides that oracles are truly holy and never urge evil; interprets great mother as earth,
bones as rocks
-Following the oracles words, they throw stones behind them which turn into mortal forms;
animals and other living things grow from heat, moisture and earth
-Domenico Beccafumi Deucalion and Pyrrha (before 1518)
The Twelve Olympians
-Worship of a canon of deities who dwelled on/were closely connected w/ Mount Olympus postdates
the rise of Zeus
oGods and goddesses are closely related to Zeus; shares powers over individual realms but
ultimately subordinate to him
-The twelve (fourteen) Olympians:
oZeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hephaestus, Ares, Apollo, Artemis, Demeter, Aphrodite, Athena,
Hermes, Dionysus, Hades and Hestia
-Cronus + Rhea = Hestia, Hades, Poseidon, Demeter, Hera, Zeus
oHera = Hebe, Hephaistos, Ares, Eileithyia
oZeus = Athena, Hermes, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Apollo, Artemis
-Hestia (Greek for hearth)
oEldest child of Cronus and Rhea
oGoddess of hearth and sacred fire; and by extension, protectress of domestic fire (sacred)
and of city
oVery little mythology; representations are few and far between
-Zeus
oYoungest child of Cronus and Rhea
oLusty; celebration or glorification of male roles: husband/father/lover
oStands removed from human moral standards
oAs the one god, concerned for morality of gods and humanity; justice
oAttributes: thunder, lightning, beard, eagle, oak tree
-Zeus and Hera
oHera daughter of Cronus and Rhea, sister/consort of Zeus
oVery little mythology about her independent of her role as Zeus ‘wife, but she still has
tremendous power
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Document Summary

Zeus" travels convinced him that he must destroy mankind; one house had fallen but not one house only deserved to perish metamorphoses1. 240. New race of mortals promised; improvement over current gen. Destruction of lycaon"s home shows zeus that his lightning bolt is not option; danger of mass destruction too great > if the houses burn, the realm of the gods could be burned too.  themis the god of families, relationships, harmony: oracle: go away from my temple, cover your heads and unloose the fastenings of your garments, and toss the bones of the great mother behind your back. Deucalion decides that oracles are truly holy and never urge evil; interprets great mother as earth, bones as rocks. Following the oracle"s words, they throw stones behind them which turn into mortal forms; animals and other living things grow from heat, moisture and earth. Domenico beccafumi deucalion and pyrrha (before 1518)

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