Week 1 Brief notes from the first class on Birth, Childhood, and Education. As the course continues, the notes get longer and more detailed--more was tested on later notes!

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA219H1
September 16, 2010
Women in Antiquity
Birth, Childhood, and Education
Recently women have been able to move into the public sphere
Women in ancient world didn’t have many rights
Not allowed to vote
Property allowance
oSome were allowed to own property
oDads not wanting to give their property to daughters husband so prefer to
give to the daughter to keep in family
Women have been important in household. Sometimes even have complementary roles to
men
Also important in religion, social ties
Some women have influenced political power
Women are as necessary as men in society
Nothing earlier than 1000 bce or later than 350 ce
After 350 Christianity become increasingly dominant and big changes in political
changes
Greece, Italy, places around the Mediterranean
Slavery in Greece and rome
Different to other slavery
Not race based. More of who was unlucky in war
In classic Greece, everyone who could afford it everyone had one slave
Slaves don’t usually revolt because the punishments were horrible
Master would sometimes free female slaves. Female slaves were usually sexually
exploitable
Framework of the life of an average woman
Many families preferred boys but were willing to have one girl
Female infants were more likely exposed to birth
Expose: Female babies were set outside by themselves sometimes clothed, sometimes not
Parents want them to be found by someone else. Hopefully someone who cant have
children and want them or people who will raise them as slaves
Later in roman history exposure came a problem
Its hard to tell how frequent exposing baby girls was- there are no statistics
Letter from oxyrhynchus, Egypt, 1st century bce
Not all girls were unwanted
Epitaph of young girls
Quintus haterius ephebus and Julia zosime provided this memorial for their unfortunate
daughter hateria superb, who lived one year, 6 months, 25 days
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Document Summary

Recently women have been able to move into the public sphere. September 16, 2010: women in ancient world didn"t have many rights, not allowed to vote. Property allowance: some were allowed to own property, dads not wanting to give their property to daughters husband so prefer to give to the daughter to keep in family. Sometimes even have complementary roles to men: also important in religion, social ties. Women are as necessary as men in society. Nothing earlier than 1000 bce or later than 350 ce. After 350 christianity become increasingly dominant and big changes in political changes. In classic greece, everyone who could afford it everyone had one slave. Slaves don"t usually revolt because the punishments were horrible. Framework of the life of an average woman. Many families preferred boys but were willing to have one girl. Female infants were more likely exposed to birth. Expose: female babies were set outside by themselves sometimes clothed, sometimes not.

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