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Lecture 11

CLA219H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Catullus, Marcus Caelius Rufus, Ara Pacis

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Regina Höschele

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Lecture 11- Famous Roman Women
Exam – from Sept. To now
Identification, quotations, essay question
Standard essay (usually broad, use sources) / or you can bring a dialogue
Geneticialian priesthood – happens in cults, be member of specific family
Democratic priesthood- can be filled by other families
- Some women end up being portrayed as being, awful, terrible figures that are into
having sex with everybody
- Emperors are portrayed as being good and bad  MOST ARE KNOWN AS BADS
- Very hard to reconstruct
- Roman women famous – livia  wife of augustus, Claudia  notorious, Julia daughter of
Auguster, Emphemis
- Absolute embodiment of a good women!
- Known as motherhood
- Mother of Tiberius
- Daughter of scipio africanus ( got the name africanus because defeated one of rome
arch enemies)
- Married to Tiberius sempronius Gracchus
- Sempronius (family of clan that he belongs to ) Gracchus (nickname)
- Very limited names to choose from
- Women are only named by getting the female form of the FAMILY NAME
- Ceaser is an example
- Denied to marry Ptolemy V111 Physcon after her husband died
- Cornellia bore 12 children, almost all of them died before adulthood
- Only 3 reached adulthood
- Sempronia  daughter, and Tiberius and Gaius  sons
-Famous for virtue that she was a UNIVERA

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-Refuses to marry again
- Sources portray her as a women that is educated, and splendid education to her sons
- In later times – worshiped, a statue of her was erected in Rome, in the Augustan stage
- She was an actual women and got a statue for herself  big deal
- Statue of a sitting goddess was later interpreted as her,
- Porticus – hall with a lot of columns, where a lot of people meet up
- Porticus Octavia – put up by Augustus, in honour of his sister
- Statue of Cornelia sitting there,
- Cornelia africani F. ( filia means daughter)…daughter of africanus,
- Gr acchorvm ( mother of grachai)
- Defined as being daughter and mother in the inscription
- Octavia ( sister of augustus) is the mother of Marcellus( successor of
Augustus)..because he did not have any sons of his own
- Octavia – known as mother figure
- Who are the Gracchi?
- Tiberius:
- 163 – 133 BC, tribune ( represenataive of the roman people), two parts of the
population 1. Nobels Patricians 2. Non nobels – pavelins ……
- tribune can make laws, important political office
- Tiberius - propose a law of land, that wasn’t popular with the wealthy people, lot of
chaos, 133 BC Tiberius dies
- Gaius:
- Dies in 121 BC
- Has a slave kill him, after his people are badly beaten up
- Both grachai wanted to bring social reforms, didn’t go well, end up dead
- Cornelia loses her two sons in political struggle
- The gracchai were notorious
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