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Lecture

CLA219H1 Lecture Notes - Tom Lehrer, Fellatio, High Culture


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA219H1
Professor
Regina Höschele

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CLA 219 – WOMEN IN ANTIQUITY R. HÖSCHELE 10/02/12
WOMEN IN ART AND POETRY
**Midterm will cover everything up to the last class before it
-Know the authors, the titles of the works, especially the BIG ones (most discussed
in class)
-Know the passages
-Know roughly the dates of the sources
-Definition, ID characters, passages (with question)
Peplos Kore
-Ca. 520 BC.
-Peplos = type of garment
-Kore ~ Persephone (trans., “Maiden”)
-From the archaic period – found in the Acropolis
oArt is not very dynamic, stiff
oArchaic smile – lips slightly upturned in the corners (mysterious?)
oMust’ve been holding something – an offering or a spear
oOne foot forward
oOnce painted
-Scholars unclear of what their function is
oIdeal feminine figure? Representative of health, grace
oGeneric image of aristocratic womanhood
oRepresented worshippers of Athena or the goddess herself
-Male version called Kouroi – often naked as opposed to its fully clothed female
counterpart (Archaic art)
**Our sense of what antiquity is is conditioned by how thay have come down to us
-If statues have survived with their paints intact, we would’ve thought that painted
statues are the norm instead of the monochromatic ones
-But statues were polychromous in antiquity – paint just didn’t survive
oPolychromy = multicoloured
Archaic Kouroi
-Naked
-Stiff posture
-One foot forward, hands by their
side
-Archaic smile
-Small genitals
-Ideal male form (archaic period)
**Slides of the reconstructed polychromous statues
-Lion from Loutraki (near Corinth), ca. 550 BC
-Statue of Paris on the West pediment of the Aphaia-temple (Aigina)
oPainted as if he’s of Eastern origins (i.e., Trojans depicted as foreigners)
oPainted clothes were patterned and very detailed
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-Armoured Athena with snake-head tasseled cloak (brightly patterned and very
detailed)
-Augustus of Prima Porta – the one in which he is formally armored with a cupid
and a dolphin at his heels
-Funerary statue of Phrasiklea, ca. 540 BC.
oFound in 1972
oIncludes epigram that honours dead girl – most likely an aristocrat
oFirst time – earliest evidence of a statue and an epigram found together
oPut up in the grave of the girl then later buried
A tyrant’s return prompted its burial for preservation
oEpigram
“I, Phrasiklea’s sema, shall always be called girl, having received
this name from the gods instead of marriage.”
-Elegiac poem – elegy = songs of mourning, lamentation
oElegy later related to love themes
-Epigram – funerary or votive fucntions; inscribed on the objects
oDisassociated with this function and used by poets for themes like love and
werenot inscribed
-Sema – sign, symbol or a grave/tomb – neuter word
oStands for something else
oSoma sema – body as a tomb
The spirit trapped in earthly life
-This means Phrasiklea died a maiden and will forever be a maiden
oDeemed something positive
oBelief - maiden bride for Hades
-Kore statues used to mark graves of girls
-Phrasiklea’s name
oKleos (Homer) – fame bestowed upon one by bards and poets (literary
fame)
Greek concept of everlasting fame (because people speak of you)
oOne to whom fame is of concern = Phrasiklea
-Phrasiklea remembered forever through epigram and statue
-Flower = lotus – identified with the fire in the body, rekindled – open and close =
blossoming
-Premature death prevented one to be a wife – carrying the blossom, which is an
emblem of marriage, instead
oI.e., maiden did not achieve “full bloom” that marriage brings
-Roman copy of Praxiteles’ Cnidian Aphrodite (4th c. BC)
oAnonymous epigram:
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