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Lecture

Introduction to Ancient History


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA230H1
Professor
Dimitri Nakassis

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Wednesday, September 14/11
Introduction to Greek History
D. Nakassis
Introduction to Ancient History
Chronology
Basically two big periods:
Prehistory: no written texts to shed light
History: written texts to shed light
This divisions is not sound, a bit of an intermediary period as well
776 BC is the date of the 1st olympiad
Date of first olympic games and beginning of Greek history
Era Divisions Historicity
Stone Age
(55,000 BC - 3,000 BC)
Paleolithic
Mesolithic
Neolithic
Prehistory
Bronze Age
(3,000 BC - 1,200 BC)
Early Bronze
Middle Bronze
Late Bronze
Prehistory
Iron Age
(1200 BC - )
Early Iron
(‘Dark Age’)
Protohistory
Archaic
(776 BC- 480 BC)
History
Classical
(480 BC - 323 BC)
History
Hellenistic
(323 BC - 30 BC)
History
Hellenistic: ‘Greek-like’
Protohistory: period of no-writing yet stories and legends from this period exist. Not
historical but we hand texts from later periods that shed light
Geography
Mainly focussing on Aegean
Starting in Archaic times there was a great ‘Greek colonization’ movement
Sources
Herodotus
480’s BC - 420’s BC
Greek from Halicarnassus
Evidence for when he died from the last historical events he wrote about
Beings by setting up purpose of his writing
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