•Assets to trade for tin (tin was not plentiful in greece)
Lerna - The House of the Tiles
oLerna was a walled village
oInside the village was a monumental building called the House of the Tiles
•Two-story structure, much more rugged than a simple hut
•Early sign of architecture
•Supported a large number of people (more than the size of a regular
•Its construction required more than a single man or family
Different tradesmen were required to make the structure possible
•Evidence of a hierarchy in Greek society - authority to organize
labour and gather materials
•Found inside were clay seals with "stamps" on them
Most likely used to seal containers (considered a sophisticated
•Destroyed in 2300 BC but not rebuilt
Instead of rebuilding, dirt was placed on top of it and the area was
sealed off with stones
Not rebuilt because of religion?
The Cyclades Civilization
oAll we have of the civilization of the Cycladic islands are the figurines.
•The figurines all came from graves (deposited with dead people) -
sometimes intentionally broken.
•The Cycladic figurines are female - they have breasts and a "pubic
•In the 60s people were purchasing these figurines as they were very
popular. This caused a problem because some people started making their
own during the 60, or others started digging up graves to find them. So
now maybe up to 80% of Cycladic figurines are fake.
oUnlike the mainland, these islands had a significant amount of copper.
Crete - The Minoans
oCrete is the largest of the Greek Islands.
oBetween 3000 and 2000 BC Crete was enjoying some prosperity but not
as impressive as Lerna.
oThere were numerous, but fairly small, settlements on Crete.
•The population around that time is estimated to be 75,000.
oCrete's advantage is that it was an island and far off.
•It was not part of the Early Bronze Age recession - Crete undergoes
a major change during the recession and its small settlements evolve into
larger ones, and they construct Palaces.