CLA232H1 Lecture Notes - Tutelary Deity, Peisistratos, Hephaestus

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4 Feb 2013
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Introduction to greek culture (lecture #2) september 13th 2012. Idealizing maternity (qualities of athena) (510 bce) pisistratus exiled and democracy formed. Athens had been settled since the bronze age (mycenaean settlements) Autochthony (coming from the very earth born of the earth) Athena- patron god of athens + virgin goddess. Erichthonios: born of hephaestos + the soil of attica (king) Connected between blood ties (brotherhood- strong ties) Poseidon (offered a spring) and athena (offered the olive tree) A sense of exceptionalism, inequalities (better than other greeks) Special because of its democracy (for the people) Archaic period (ruled by oligarchy and then by a tyrant) Radical democracy (one person represents the people) Demokratia kratos (authority) + demos (of the people) Directly by the citizens of athens (6000 quarum) show of hands. Native born athenian men over 18 = voting citizens. 45,000 of 300,000 athenians were allowed to vote (name was pulled out of a hat)

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