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CLA232H1 (202)
Lecture

January 10th Lecture

3 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA232H1
Professor
Victoria Wohl

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CLA232H1 – January 10th 2011
Intro to Greek Culture and Society
- Barbarians drank beer and unmixed wine considered wrong by the Greeks
- Greeks drank only wine mixed with water, didn't get totally drunk and only
drank socially
- ALTERITY: the relationship between the self and the other
- alterity can give false or simplistic views of the other, give rise to 'zenophobia', the fear
of the other, or 'misogeny', the hatred of women
- there are moments in Greek history where they do try and understand the others, or
barbarians
- Greece: got tin from Italy, wheat from Egypt, wood from Macedon, and they also got
cultural interactions with the people they considered barbarians
- Greeks depended on the sea for food, and their power; whoever controlled the Aegean
and the Mediterranean controlled the trade, etc.
- Athens had the biggest navy, and were thus the most powerful city
- only 20% - 30% of Greek land was arable, very mountainous; staples were barley,
olives, and grapes, which could all be grown without much land
- communication was difficult, cities form in mountain valleys, so roads were difficult to
build impeded Greece's development
- the cities formed in the mountain valleys were kingdoms, and each kingdom shared the
same language and religion, but their loyalty and goals differed
- Greece did not become unified until the 19th century
- Greece was inhabited from ~40,000 years ago
- Mycenaean civilization was the earliest culture on Greece itself; Minoan culture was
earlier, but existed on the island of Crete
- Minoan language was not Greek, called Linear A, which is not yet translated;
the Minoan culture is not as important
- Mycenaean culture existed around 1600 – 1200 BCE made up of powerful kings that
controlled their surrounding areas, very wealthy, militaristic, and hierarchical society
- the language of the Mycenaean's was Linear B, Greek but with a different alphabet
- Michael Ventris, an archaeologist, translated Linear B after WWII
- most of the documents were tax receipts, important to learn things about the society
- lost of communication with the surrounding areas, Egypt, Turkey, etc.
- Hittite texts reference the Acheans, which is what the Mycenaean's called themselves
- Mycenaean culture declines/disappears around 1200 BCE
- Greece enters Dark Ages ~1200 until ~800 BCE
- decline in population, small settlements instead of large kingdoms, less
hierarchical
- Linear B and all writing was lost during this period (lost when the palace culture
collapsed)
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Description
CLA232H1 January 10th 2011 Intro to Greek Culture and Society - Barbarians drank beer and unmixed wine considered wrong by the Greeks - Greeks drank only wine mixed with water, didnt get totally drunk and only drank socially - ALTERITY: the relationship between the self and the other - alterity can give false or simplistic views of the other, give rise to zenophobia, the fear of the other, or misogeny, the hatred of women - there are moments in Greek history where they do try and understand the others, or barbarians - Greece: got tin from Italy, wheat from Egypt, wood from Macedon, and they also got cultural interactions with the people they considered barbarians - Greeks depended on the sea for food, and their power; whoever controlled the Aegean and the Mediterranean controlled the trade, etc. - Athens had the biggest navy, and were thus the most powerful city - only 20% - 30% of Greek land was arable, very mountainous; staples were barley, olives, and grapes, which could all be grown without much land - communication was difficult, cities form in mountain valleys, so roads were difficult to build impeded Greeces development - the cities formed in the mountain valleys were kingdoms, and each kingdom shared the same language and religion, but their loyalty and
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