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Lecture

Jan 20&25 - Livy Book 2 [antisigma slide notes incl.]

4 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA233H1
Professor
Erik Gunderson

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Roman Expansion, Society and Assembly
Expansion
Southern Front:
oCarthage
oThree Major Wars
o264-241; 218-201; 149-146BC
o2nd Punic war sees the invasion and destruction of Italy itself
o3rd Punic War sees the destruction of Carthage
Eastern Front:
oGreece:
Macedonian Wars (215-148BC)
Series of interventions
"liberated" Greece is a protectorate
oEgypt:
Ptolemaic rulers propped up by Rome
Land in Asia minor
"bequeathed" to Rome (133)
Northern and Western Fronts:
oSpanish provinces in 197BC
oAnnexation of southern Gaul in 121BC
oGallic Wars 58-51BC (Caesar is general)
Society
Archaic Society from a Sociological Standpoint
oStruggling hierarchal aristocratic community
oOrganized by tribes with Etruscan names
oPopulus of Rome conceived of a fighting organization-it meant the army (warrior
citizen)
oClosed aristocracy at first - virtual monopoly on political and religious rights
oRoman constitution changes over time
Family
oExtended (mom, dad, kids, slaves)
oIn aristocracy, your clients and patrons are your extended families
oDuty of attendance for the clients
oThe patron defends the client in court
oWhole cities could fall under the protection of a patron
Who was a Roman Citizen?
oOriginally: Farmers, shepherds, and craftsmen on the
banks of the Tiber
oPeople who immigrated to the city.
oMembers of colonies established in Italy and abroad
oMembers of foreign communities to whom citizenship
was granted.
oSoldiers who had served for 25 years.
oAfter 212 AD: basically everyone in the empire.
What doesRomemean?
oEarly: a central Italian city with a special from of government: a senatorial oligarchy
o Later: the seat of a military monarchy and a vast and expanding empire.
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Description
Roman Expansion, Society and Assembly Expansion Southern Front: o Carthage o Three Major Wars o 264-241; 218-201; 149-146BC o 2nd Punic war sees the invasion and destruction of Italy itself o 3rd Punic War sees the destruction of Carthage Eastern Front: o Greece: Macedonian Wars (215-148BC) Series of interventions liberated Greece is a protectorate o Egypt: Ptolemaic rulers propped up by Rome Land in Asia minor bequeathed to Rome (133) Northern and Western Fronts: o Spanish provinces in 197BC o Annexation of southern Gaul in 121BC o Gallic Wars 58-51BC (Caesar is general) Society Archaic Society from a Sociological Standpoint o Struggling hierarchal aristocratic community o Organized by tribes with Etruscan names o Populus of Rome conceived of a fighting organization-it meant the army (warrior citizen) o Closed aristocracy at first - virtual monopoly on political and religious rights o Roman constitution changes over time Family o Extended (mom, dad, kids, slaves) o In aristocracy, your clients and patrons are your extended families o Duty of attendance for the clients o The patron defends the client in court o Whole cities could fall under the protection of a patron Who was a Roman Citizen? o Originally: Farmers, shepherds, and craftsmen on the banks of the Tiber o People who immigrated to the city. o Members of colonies established in Italy and abroad o Members of foreign communities to whom citizenship was granted. o Soldiers who had served for 25 years. o After 212 AD: basically everyone in the empire. What does Rome mean? o Early: a central Italian city with a special from of government: a senatorial oligarchy o Later: the seat of a military monarchy and a vast and expanding empire. www.notesolution.com
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