CLA233H1 Lecture Notes - Roman Citizenship, Class Conflict, Prorogatio

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23 Mar 2011
CLA 233 - Jan. 20th Lecture
citizenship categories - full roman citizenship, Latin rights (gives roman property
rights), freedmen (originally have latin rights, then roman rights later, but always
still have obligations to their for mer master who is now the freedman's patron),
slaves, foreigners (members of tributary, free, or allied cities)
self policing of the ruling class ,
changes in the classical period are mainly for economic reasons,
Livy's point of view is very polarized, leaves out shades of grey,
Republican citizenship - Census represents the armed century, census
encompasses 'community standing' broadly conceived, census carr ied out by
censors and a small staff in rome, Carr ied out elsewhere by local magistrates who
repor t back to rome, census registration via oaths of the citizenry,
Roman Magistracy general principles - unpaid, one-year, extension if needed via
prorogatio, gap between holding same office again, colleagues, veto by
colleagues, veto from above,
exceptions to the general pr inciples - censors every five years, dictator "as needed"
(emergency office), dictator has no colleague, dictator cannot face a veto,
hierarchy of offices - (dictator), consul, praetor, aedile, quaestor
offices with imperium (military author ity) - dictator, consul, praetor,
comes with senate membership
offices without imperium
Tribunes of the People -
duties of praetors
tension between the consuls and the pleibians or tribunes
Livy - Book II
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