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Lecture

Plutarch

5 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA233H1
Professor
Erik Gunderson

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January 27th 2011
Plutarch – the Parallel Lives
The Beginning of the end: Marius
oMarius eliminates the property requirement 10 BC
Poor volunteers do not at once become the norm
Troop shortages mean the levy of troops is still held
oPolitical careers still tied to military service
The old Roman army
oThe original roman army is drawn from the Free Citizenry (of Rome)
The new roman army
oNow the army are Roman citizens rather than Romans in the geographical sense
oRough countrymen and strangers to Rome
Caesar leads recently enfranchised Gauls
Crassus leads an army of southern Italians
Pompey leads an army of fathers clients
oArmy becomes a political tool
Caesars civil war army
oPolarization
oTheir interests are Caesars interests
oTheir rewards are massive
oThey become detached from and are against the rest of the citizens
oThey will back whoever backs them
SEE SLIDES ONLINE
www.notesolution.com
Huge concentration of wealth in this period – business/trade becoming incredibly
profitable
The rise of welfare state – gifts of grain to people
The Sullan Age SEE SLIDES ONLINE
o88) a tribune proposes that the command of the war against Mithridates be shifted
from Sulla to Marius
oSulla is being a great general but they take generalship away from him but he
refuses to give it up – grabs his army and marches on rome
oMarius flees
oRome is a literal prize – seizing the reigns of state
o82) Sullas return – lasting consequential moment what Sulla does – becomes a
template for tyrannical mode of single power Rome
oSulla becomes dictator – not the same kind of dictatorship from Livy – domestic
dictatorship
Names a bunch of new senators and expands the senate – key move
Changes who gets to be a senator
Limiting of the tribunes power
Strong aristocratic bias
Marius had been associated with popular crowd in contrast
New senate had lost a lot of members
All the threatening people are dead
Tribunes – no more proposing legislation – dead end
Plutarch
oGreek – born around 45-120
oOutside the empire looking in on it and trying to explain it to his peers
www.notesolution.com

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Description
January 27 2011 Plutarch the Parallel Lives The Beginning of the end: Marius o Marius eliminates the property requirement 10 BC Poor volunteers do not at once become the norm Troop shortages mean the levy of troops is still held o Political careers still tied to military service The old Roman army o The original roman army is drawn from the Free Citizenry (of Rome) The new roman army o Now the army are Roman citizens rather than Romans in the geographical sense o Rough countrymen and strangers to Rome Caesar leads recently enfranchised Gauls Crassus leads an army of southern Italians Pompey leads an army of fathers clients o Army becomes a political tool Caesars civil war army o Polarization o Their interests are Caesars interests o Their rewards are massive o They become detached from and are against the rest of the citizens o They will back whoever backs them SEE SLIDES ONLINE www.notesolution.com
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