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CLA233H1 (160)
Lecture

Livy Book 1

6 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA233H1
Professor
Erik Gunderson

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CLA233: Week 2: Lecture 1
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Roman Expansion
Southern Front
-Carthage
-Three major wars: 264-241; 218-201; 149-146BC
-2nd Punic war sees the invasion and devastation of Italy itself
-3rd Punic war results in destruction of Carthage
Eastern Front
-Greece:
-Macedonian Wars (215-148BC)
-series of “interventions
-liberated” Greece is a protectorate
-Egypt:
-Ptolemaic rulers propped up by Rome
-land in Asia minor “bequeathed” to Rome (133)
-Livy portrays Romans asfriends helping friends out rather than as aggressive
imperialists, which is likely more historically accurate
Northern and Western Fronts
-Spanish provinces in 197BC
-Intervention in and annexation of southern Gaul in 121BC
-Gallic wars 58-51BC (Caesar is general)
-another case of “friends but the Romans never actually leave
-Livy’s story (“friends helping friends) vs. historical approach (imperialists)
Archaic Roman Society
-Livy gives us a narrative take
-historically considered hierarchical, aristocratic community
-had tribes, Etruscan names
-“people” of Rome conceived as fighting organization; original term for people meant
‘army of Rome
-closed aristocracy at first, patricians have monopoly on political and religious rites
-second book looks at how this organization changed
-Roman constitution was an object of constant struggle, always changing and subject to
power shifts
-family theme; slaves included in the family
-clients included in patrons’ family
www.notesolution.com
Client/Patron Relationship
-close relationship between power and money
-clients lent political support in exchange for material support provided by patrons
-patron defended client in court
-whole cities could fall under client/patron relationship with other cities
-Roman conception was of relationship of social obligation; historically interpreted as
also being a material and political relationship
-clients voted for patron; patrons could see whether client voted for them 7up until 2nd
century BCE when ‘secret ballot was introduced
-often multiple institutions:
-theme of paralysis; all have to agree to be able to move forward
-possibility of alternatives; one institution doesn’t work, try another
Roman Assemblies
Types of assembly:
-comitia curiata
-comitia centuriata
-comitia tribute
Comitia curiata
-archaic
-patricians organized into 30 curiae
-had exclusive power to grant imperium
-a vestigial assembly in the republic: ratify decisions of the comitia centuriata
Comitia centuriata
-the “army” assembly;citizens in arms
-overseen by the consuls
-divided by property
-heavily weighted towards rich
-unequal distribution of members in each century
-no power to propose initiatives
Comitia tributa/ Concilium plebis
-the tribal assembly
-overseen by the tribunes
-35 tribes; 4 urban
-urban tribes mostly freed slaves: minimize their voice by condensing them into only 4
tribes
www.notesolution.com

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Description
CLA233: Week 2: Lecture 1 BACKGROUND INFORMATION Roman Expansion Southern Front -Carthage -Three major wars: 264-241; 218-201; 149-146BC -2nd Punic war sees the invasion and devastation of Italy itself -3rd Punic war results in destruction of Carthage Eastern Front -Greece: -Macedonian Wars (215-148BC) -series of interventions -liberated Greece is a protectorate -Egypt: -Ptolemaic rulers propped up by Rome -land in Asia minor bequeathed to Rome (133) -Livy portrays Romans as friends helping friends out rather than as aggressive imperialists, which is likely more historically accurate Northern and Western Fronts -Spanish provinces in 197BC -Intervention in and annexation of southern Gaul in 121BC -Gallic wars 58-51BC (Caesar is general) -another case of friends but the Romans never actually leave -Livys story (friends helping friends) vs. historical approach (imperialists) Archaic Roman Society -Livy gives us a narrative take -historically considered hierarchical, aristocratic community -had tribes, Etruscan names -people of Rome conceived as fighting organization; original term for people meant army of Rome -closed aristocracy at first, patricians have monopoly on political and religious rites -second book looks at how this organization changed -Roman constitution was an object of constant struggle, always changing and subject to power shifts -family theme; slaves included in the family -clients included in patrons family www.notesolution.com
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