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Lecture

CLA260H1 Lecture Notes - Ulrich Von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Arnaldo Momigliano, Stuart Piggott


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA260H1
Professor
Ben Akrigg

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CLA260H1S
Method and Theory in Classics
Session 3: History of the discipline
Relevant material in chapters 1, 27 and 28 in the textbook; further
bibliography at the end of the latter two. On the history of classical
scholarship, at least note the names of Ulrich von Wilamowitz-
Möllendorff (1848-1931) and Arnaldo Momigliano (1908-1987). In
addition to that bibliography, you may also want to see the essays in
Hugh Lloyd-Jones Blood for the Ghosts: Classical Influences in the
Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries and his Classical Survivals: the
Classics in the Modern World (both Duckworth 1982); and Stuart Piggott
Ruins in a Landscape: Essays in Antiquarianism (Edinburgh University
Press 1976).
What we study as ‘Classics’ today is not just the ancient Greek and
Roman world – it is heavily influenced by how people in the times
since classical antiquity have understood and used the classical
past.
oThis is even (obviously) true within the classical period itself –
our understanding of the Greek world has been heavily
shaped by (and to a large degree owes its existence to) the
Romans’ enthusiasm for many aspects of Greek culture.
Alexander the Great’s conquests at the end of the 4th century BCE
spread Greek culture and language all around the eastern
Mediterranean and through much of the Near East. Greek becomes
and remains an important language of administration in this area
(although it does not completely replace Aramaic).
The Romans are influenced by the Greeks from the 6th century BCE
onwards, both indirectly through their Etruscan neighbours to the
north and directly by the Greek cities to their south. The Romans’
conquests ultimately establish their culture and language across the
whole of the Mediterranean and well beyond. Latin becomes the key
language of administration throughout the western empire; the
eastern empire remains heavily dominated by Greek, however.
The use of Latin survives the fall of the empire in the west, to a
large degree because it is the language of the Church and remains
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