Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
UTSG (50,000)
CLA (1,000)
Lecture 2

CLA260H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Hellenization, Petrarch, Hellenistic Period


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA260H1
Professor
Christian Campbell
Lecture
2

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
CLA260H1S
History of Classical Scholarship
July 6/12
When we talk about classics, we are talking not just about Greece and Rome, but the history of
classics, or the “Classical Tradition”
Classical Tradition is the study of the gap between antiquity and ourselves, and how classics
were received
Can refer to influence within the classical period itself
Reception: reception of Greek culture
E.g. Romes hellenization
Roman reception: translation of Greek literature into latin and adapting and interpreting
Or, how was Greek comedy received, translated and interpreted to become Roman comedy?
The above examples are of “genre studies”
Nachleben (“Afterlife”) studies: way the character gets changed throughout literature. Can
look all the way till modern day
E.g. Odysseus characters in modern day films like O Brother Where Art Thou
How is the character changed, recast and interpreted?
E.g. Romes recasting of Alexander as a character rather than a historical figure. As early
as the 3rd century AD we get “Alexander Romances”. They go all the way to the Middle
Ages. Or in the Persian tradition he is subject of oral tradition as ‘Alexander the two-horned’
and is featured in epic. Then later he is reworked into the Islamic tradition.
Reception studies are a very big part of Classical Studies
Alexander spreads Greek (hellenizing the conquered world)
Rome spreads latin (for administration)
When Roman Empire splits the east retains the Greek language and the western retains Latin
Later on, Greek works are only available in the western empire for scholars
In the east, Byzantine scholars more interested in religious works. Therefore, pagan Greek works
stop getting copied and disappear
The Renaissance rediscovers Greek texts
Classical Scholarship can stretch back to the Hellenistic and Roman world
We have people writing about Classics in the 2nd century BC
By the time of St. Augustine not many people were still reading Greek
During the schism, classical Greek dies out, and new testament Greek, which is very different,
takes over
The west retains latin through to the 18th century with minor changes
Up until the 19th century works are in latin
Latin as a communal language
11th century witnesses expanse of universities, and latin becomes invaluable
Not until humanist revolution and the renaissance that people start to learn Greek again
Petrarch - bringing classical literature back into the mainstream
During the conquest of the Arab world by the west, people start actively searching for classical
texts
Small wealthy elite group that are interested in this
Classical world influential on Renaissance, but with a more latin twist
17th century interest is in the new testament Greek and languages get progressively “sloppier
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version