CLA362H1 Lecture Notes - Volcanic Glass, Lerna, Knossos

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Published on 19 Sep 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA362H1
CLA362
Chronology (tends to run in 3s)
Stone Age: Plaeolithic- Mesolithic- Neolithic [300 000- 3000]
Bronze Age: Early- Middle- Late bronze age [3000-1200]
Iron Age: Early iron age…aka dark ages [1200]
776-480 Archaic
400-323 Classical
323-30 Hellenistic
Stone Age
- Earliest human activity in Greece ex. 250 000 years BP of a Stone Axe (no evidence of activity
prior to the stone axe
- Early Prehistory= “FRANCTHI CAVE”
o Food sources
Palaeolithic: deer, snail, small fish
Mesolithic: deer, snail, small/large fish, nuts [meaning that they practiced sailors
ex. going to Melos acquiring obsidian (volcanic glass). They had rapid changes in
global climate of dry/cold wet/warm climate [environmental change]
Neolithic: deer, snail, small/large fish, nuts, domestic animals and grain
[meaning that they had their own ‘package’ of domestics… meaning they had
tools for agriculture but still hunt and gather. Ex. grinding stone for wheat. And
pottery made. Farming without irrigation or draft animals…
o Francthi therefore was a place they settled all year round.
Absolute Chron. Relative Chron.
Early= 3000-2000 EM1= early Minoan [Crete]
Middle= 2000-1700 MCII= Middle Cycladic II [island of Cyclades ex. Delos]
Late= 1700/1600-1100 LH IIIA2 [late Hellenistic 3(sub period) in Greek mainland Peloponnese]
**this is because absolute date can move. So instead of dating confusion- symbols were used. **
- Thera had a volcano eruption in the late Bronze Age?
- On Thera, they found LM1A pottery but no LM1B. Eruption happening or beginning of LM1B… ?
- Radio Carbon dating had the tree ring analysis in the 17th C BC [scientific dating that is used
more commonly] or 16th C BC [archaeological dating]
The Early Bronze Age
- At LERNA, “the House of Tiles’ near Argos [excavated by Americans] was 25x5m, a 2storie house
with frescos and plaster on the walls
- Evidence that had corridor houses probably had an administrative purpose
- It found 70 clay plate sealings (security mechanism) pushed up against wooden boxes and
cabinets.
- Represented for Head of Household for each sealing…meaning that the boxes being received
without being opened was recognized Or used as receipt as taxation..it could’ve been a
communal hall.
- Fortification predates House of Tiles…underneath. This is out of use and was buried. Destroyed
but not occupied after LH1 (1700 BC earliest)
- “Corridor House” are tiled corridor houses all over southern Greece with sealings as well. Under
EBA, more complexity/hierarchy/economy can be noticed
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Document Summary

Stone age: plaeolithic- mesolithic- neolithic [300 000- 3000] Bronze age: early- middle- late bronze age [3000-1200] 250 000 years bp of a stone axe (no evidence of activity prior to the stone axe. Mesolithic: deer, snail, small/large fish, nuts [meaning that they practiced sailors ex. going to melos acquiring obsidian (volcanic glass). They had rapid changes in global climate of dry/cold wet/warm climate [environmental change] Neolithic: deer, snail, small/large fish, nuts, domestic animals and grain. [meaning that they had their own package" of domestics meaning they had tools for agriculture but still hunt and gather. Farming without irrigation or draft animals : francthi therefore was a place they settled all year round. Middle= 2000-1700 mcii= middle cycladic ii [island of cyclades ex. Late= 1700/1600-1100 lh iiia2 [late hellenistic 3(sub period) in greek mainland peloponnese] So instead of dating confusion- symbols were used. On thera, they found lm1a pottery but no lm1b.

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