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CLA310 - Individual Religion

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Susan Dunning

October 17 th Lecture 6 [lecture 5 notes after midterm in notebook] Private and Public Religion in Rome Questions from Last Class  To what extent is “domestic” and “civic” religion separate?  What are the characteristics of religious practices, beliefs, and feelings among the “common people” of Rome?  What did the Romans believe constituted pietas?  To what extent could Romans exercise choice in their religious practices? Household Gods at Pompeii  Jupiter  Dioscrurus, Jupiter, Fortuna-Isis  Genius, Dioscurus, Fortuna-Isis  may have lots of different shrines in your house – average statuenumber per house in Pompeii is 5  Mercury, Hercules, Venus, Minerva, all very common household gods  there were certain times when you honoured one god or another – everyone had certain relationships with certain gods  [graph] – typical gods (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva), and then more specific gods, but they weren’t overly popular (Fortuna Isis and Isis) Household Shrines at Pompeii  two statues found in-situ (rare)  pg 103 in textbook – paintings on back of wall; House Tombs, Isola Sacra  tombs where there were public festivals for commemoration for the dead  Vestal Virgins mothers of Rome, so they do the public version of the private ritual St. Augustine quotes Seneca the Younger (BNP #9.5d)  What kinds of religious activities does Seneca record being performed on the Capitoline? Who is performing them?  performers, lively and public, lots going on  just average people are performing them  What is Seneca’s response to this behaviour? Why does he respond this way?  acknowledges strangeness of actions, but we understand it so it’s okay  offensive behaviour – he thinks they’re crazy, at least they only do it once a year tho  What do these behaviours reveal about the attitude of “average” Romans towards religion?  What does Augustine conclude about Roman religious practice from Seneca’s account? Roman Priesthoods  Pontifices (pontifex maximus & vestal virgins)  Rex sacrorum and flamines  Augures  Quindecimuiri  Fetiales  Haruspices  ; most have their own stories and
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