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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 - The Peloponnesian War

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Adriana Brook

CLA160 Lecture 6 JULY152011 The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) What made war inevitable was the growth of Athenian power and the fear which this caused Sparta. - Thucydides Causes of the War Epidamnos was owned by Corcyra, who is allied with Corinth, who is then allied with Sparta In Epidamnos, there was a civil war and they needed the assistance of Corcyra to throw out the oligarchic factions Corcyra refused to help the Epidamnians and so, they asked the Corinthians for help, which they agreed Corinth sent a huge fleet to Epidamnos, only to arrive there with Corcyra already there Because they beat Corinth into helping the Epidamnians, the Corcyrians became worried and asked Athens for help instead of Sparta, since Sparta was allied with Corinth Athens debated amongst itself whether to help Corcyra and break the Thirty Year Treaty between Athens and Sparta Athens finally agreed to help Corcyra against Corinth but only sent 10 ships out of 250, which only stayed on the borders of the battle and later interfered when it was clear the Corcyrians were going to be killed The Battle was known as the Battle of Sybota (433 BCE) Athens disliked what Corinth did and took it out on its alliances Potidaia, Corinths ally but was part of the Delian League Because of Potidaias participation in the league, Athens asked them to remove their walls and their Corinthian magistrates Control for supplies Laid waste to Potidaia to remove all Corinthian relations Decrees Against Megara (432 BCE) Athens used Megara to get back at Corinth Forbid Megara to trade with ports that was part of the league Crippled its economy, and their living Corinth forced Sparta to interfere Sparta was very reasonable and diplomatic, but Athens wasnt The Archidamian War (431-421 BCE) Spartas hoplites laid waste to Attica every year Athens at a disadvantageid fthey try to attack the Spartans head on Pericles plan was to stay behind the Athenian long walls and outlast the Spartans The Athenians didnt like his plan and he began to gain a bad reputation among the people His plan ultimately backfired when a plague erupted due to overpopulation within the narrow spaces behind the Athenian wall, and hygiene issue The plague killed 13 of the Athenian population 429 BCE: Pericles died because of the plague Athens no longer led by a wise, moderate leader like Pericles, now, its headed by a demagogue
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