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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Greece

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Adriana Brook

CLA160 Lecture 8 JULY202011 Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Greece th Late 4 century and beyond Philip II groomed his son, Alexander Was put in charge of administrative duties asked by his father to govern Macedonia while hes away Participated in military campaigns Participated in the Battle of Chaeronea Brought up with Greek education (i.e. Hesiod and Homers texts) tutor: Aristotle Lots of exposure to Greek ideas from a very young age Alexander tries to portray himself as Achilles (tries to be equal to Achilles) Alex wanted to secure all regions his father consolidated before his assassination Since his father died, change of authority is needed, so he forced all the citiesregions to swear to him to ensure their support Alex began to expand the Macedonian empire, and was away from Macedonia and Greece for a long time. Rumours were circulated that he was dead Athens and Thebes then, revolted against the League of Corinth, thinking it their opportunity because hes gone Alex returns and this resulted in the destruction of Thebes in 335 BCE He then dared Athens to revolt if they want, but Athens didnt want to anymore, seeing what happened to Thebes Greece was now in Macedonian ruling Alexander then crosses the Hellespont People along the coast (IoniansGreeks?) saw him as a liberator SatrapsPersian rulers were not happy that Alex was in Persia Persian satraps were impatient and decided not to send for the king and confronted Alex themselves This was called the Battle of Granicus, 334 BCE Persian satraps lost to Alex Alex would conquer the area, replacing the Persian satraps with Macedonian governors and were left to govern themselves Tribute that was paid to Persia were then paid to Alex instead Went to Miletus, then to Gordium The Gordian Knot: legend that whomever untangles the knot, rules Persia Alex cuts the knot with his sword and untangles the knots Symbolically justifies his conquering of Persia Rather than heading inlands, Alex thought to head south to destroy Persian naval bases (towards Syria and Phoenicia) If the strong navy of Persia is left alone, Alex feels uneasythreatened trying to coerce them to join them King of Persia, Darius III, leads the Persian army realizing the threat that is Alexander Alex used the narrow tactic the Greeks used in Thermopylae and Salamis against Darius It was called the Battle of Issus, 333 BCE Alexander was victorious: captured large Persian treasury, royal family including the heir as prisoners Darius III ran away in shame Alex asked for a truce with Darius III
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