Class Notes (836,280)
Canada (509,725)
Classics (1,714)
CLA160H1 (318)
Lecture 3

CLA160 Lecture 3 Notes

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Johnathon Burgess

CLA160 Lecture 3 Notes Topics 1. Timeline 2. “Ages” 3. Epic – Hesiod 4. “Ages of Mankind” 5. Minoans 6. Mycenaeans Timeline - different ways of categorizing ages - lack of writing for much of prehistory – rely on archaeology - linear B – Mycenaean writing – adopted from Minoan linear A - Mycenaean and Minoan interaction – appears quite violent – Minoans were not Greek – influences Mycenaean civilization - Minoan civilization – island of Crete - Mycenaean civilization – mainland Greece - Mycenaeans enter Crete around 1470 B.C. – direct contact - based on evidence – Mycenaeans took over Minoan civilization in Crete and likely responsible for either the destruction of palaces, or took them over - linear A script – system of original Minoans – not Greek – question of where the Cretans came from – used the script for recording - prehistoric Greeks – Mycenaeans – linear B script – sequence from linear A – linear B used for Bronze Age – early form of Greek - historically – linear B found in Crete and Mycenaean Greece – surprise that it was used to record pre-Greek script – first hypothesis had been that Mycenaeans were not Greek either - uncertain how Mycenaeans took over Crete – Crete was not very heavily fortified - perhaps unexpected Mycenaeans - Greeks – originally Indo-Europeans – enter Greek peninsula around the 2 millennium B.C. - people already living in Greek mainland – they and the Indo-European people coalesced into the Mycenaeans - palaces were created – fortresses with fortification walls, public spaces, graves (shaft graves) and later tholos tombs (beehive) - shaft graves – artifacts – grave circles A and B – artifacts show graves designed for Greek rulers in Mycenae - tholos tombs – no artifacts due to grave robbers - warlike, powerful society – deduced from shaft grave artifacts - evidence of violence/destruction – destruction of many empires/civilizations – different kinds of ethnicity – “sea peoples” mentioned in Egyptian accounts about attacks – likely these same sea peoples attacked Mycenae as well Ages - how to describe historical ages - depends of when the civilization began to use each metal – depending on the civilization, an age could begin at different times - Hesiod uses earlier ages to describe his own age - decline from most precious metal to least precious - Hesiod’s description of the Heroic Age – between the Silver and Bronze Ages - out of Hesiod’s history – focus on Heroic and Iron Ages - heroes in story all use Bronze – vague memory that they did this and were involved in major wars in times past – attempt by Hesiod to provide history – knew almost nothing about Mycenaeans Archaeology History Myth (Hesiod) Bronze Age Mycenaean Civilization Gold Age of Man (3 -2 millennium B.C.) Silver Age of Man Bronze Age of Man Heroic Age of Man (demi-gods born and slightly better than previous race/age) Iron Age Dark Age Iron Age st (1 millennium B.C.) Archaic Age (period in which Hesiod,
More Less

Related notes for CLA160H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.