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Lecture 3

CLA160 Lecture 3 Notes

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Professor
Johnathon Burgess
Semester
Winter

Description
CLA160 Lecture 3 Notes Topics 1. Timeline 2. “Ages” 3. Epic – Hesiod 4. “Ages of Mankind” 5. Minoans 6. Mycenaeans Timeline - different ways of categorizing ages - lack of writing for much of prehistory – rely on archaeology - linear B – Mycenaean writing – adopted from Minoan linear A - Mycenaean and Minoan interaction – appears quite violent – Minoans were not Greek – influences Mycenaean civilization - Minoan civilization – island of Crete - Mycenaean civilization – mainland Greece - Mycenaeans enter Crete around 1470 B.C. – direct contact - based on evidence – Mycenaeans took over Minoan civilization in Crete and likely responsible for either the destruction of palaces, or took them over - linear A script – system of original Minoans – not Greek – question of where the Cretans came from – used the script for recording - prehistoric Greeks – Mycenaeans – linear B script – sequence from linear A – linear B used for Bronze Age – early form of Greek - historically – linear B found in Crete and Mycenaean Greece – surprise that it was used to record pre-Greek script – first hypothesis had been that Mycenaeans were not Greek either - uncertain how Mycenaeans took over Crete – Crete was not very heavily fortified - perhaps unexpected Mycenaeans - Greeks – originally Indo-Europeans – enter Greek peninsula around the 2 millennium B.C. - people already living in Greek mainland – they and the Indo-European people coalesced into the Mycenaeans - palaces were created – fortresses with fortification walls, public spaces, graves (shaft graves) and later tholos tombs (beehive) - shaft graves – artifacts – grave circles A and B – artifacts show graves designed for Greek rulers in Mycenae - tholos tombs – no artifacts due to grave robbers - warlike, powerful society – deduced from shaft grave artifacts - evidence of violence/destruction – destruction of many empires/civilizations – different kinds of ethnicity – “sea peoples” mentioned in Egyptian accounts about attacks – likely these same sea peoples attacked Mycenae as well Ages - how to describe historical ages - depends of when the civilization began to use each metal – depending on the civilization, an age could begin at different times - Hesiod uses earlier ages to describe his own age - decline from most precious metal to least precious - Hesiod’s description of the Heroic Age – between the Silver and Bronze Ages - out of Hesiod’s history – focus on Heroic and Iron Ages - heroes in story all use Bronze – vague memory that they did this and were involved in major wars in times past – attempt by Hesiod to provide history – knew almost nothing about Mycenaeans Archaeology History Myth (Hesiod) Bronze Age Mycenaean Civilization Gold Age of Man (3 -2 millennium B.C.) Silver Age of Man Bronze Age of Man Heroic Age of Man (demi-gods born and slightly better than previous race/age) Iron Age Dark Age Iron Age st (1 millennium B.C.) Archaic Age (period in which Hesiod,
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