Class Notes (835,241)
Canada (509,043)
Classics (1,714)
CLA160H1 (318)
Lecture 5

CLA160 Lecture 5 Notes

5 Pages
117 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Professor
Johnathon Burgess
Semester
Winter

Description
CLA160 Lecture 5 Notes Topics 1. the Greek City-States 2. the Dark Age 3. Archaic Greece 4. Greek colonization 5. Sparta 6. Athens 7. Hesiod 8. Homer Dark Age (1200-800 B.C.) - art of writing lost – “dark” to us - archaeology – survey archaeology (settlements, geographical living areas, etc.) - Lefkandi – grave sites from around 950 B.C. – anomaly for Dark Age • satellite burials around the Lefkandi house • burial with weapons – transitional site – aspects of Mycenaean society • veranda/columns – transitional site – aspects of Classical Greece • The Iliad – funeral pyre of Patroclus – in Homer’s account – throw four horses on pyre – at Lefkandi third burial site – skeletons of four horses – preserve tradition of warriors • human sacrifice mentioned with The Iliad – suggested that Lefkandi second site that contains female skeleton adorned in jewelry – woman perhaps a human sacrifice – maybe even buried alive Archaic Greece I - resurgence in settlement – scarcer in Dark Age - settlements – appear to be city-states - city-state vs. city - city-state characteristics • city as well as the peripheral territory • fortification – walls and citadel • citadel is typically the first area to be created/settled – high land (acropolis in Athens) • temples, monuments • self-government, politics, and judicial system • citizens – thought in terms of Athenians and not Athens itself – elite men were citizens, no women/slaves as citizens • all citizens – consider themselves to be equal - rise of the city-state – likely reasons for development – military, religious, political – likely are combination of all three Military Exploration - Hoplite warfare - Hoplite – type of soldier characterized by the use of a hoplos shield – only covered the left side of the body and the right side of the man next to him – shield held on the left arm - hoplos shield – used in the phalanx formation designed for fighting in groups – differs from the Homeric battles during the Trojan War - Hoplite warfare – change in military tactics and impact on society – soldiers have the same armour and must cooperate – all on the same level despite the individual’s fame or prestige - cooperative vs. competitive ethic – everyone is more or less and equal – not just aristocrats and the lower society – therefore they developed a form of communal living Religion and Ritual Explanation - temples the first to be built – first use of resources - not a cognitive shared belief – shared action/ritual – gathering place - city-state may have developed around temple/communal ritual – activity and marking themselves as a certain people – identity Communal Living – Politics and Judicial Systems - laws of Dreros on Crete – 650-600 B.C. - earliest form of law found - limits on power – can be magistrate (kosmos) for a limited time (in this case, ten years) - holding office – limited power - development of judicial system Greek Colonization - with the rise of city-states came the rise of colonization - colonies are city-states that spread but are still somehow connected to the mainland - mark of a polis was the ability to colonize a subsidiary polis - many city-states were established on sea trade routed, high ground, or fertile land – distinguishes important reasons for colonies – defense, trade, and land acquisition - overpopulation – people sent out to look for more fertile land – set up colony and found a new city-state - in The Odyssey – Odysseus thinks as a Greek colonizer in the story of Polyphemus - much competition to find the most fertile land Archaic Age II – Athens an Sparta - Athens and Sparta become two dominant city-states - sources are not contemporary figures – they use sources themselves • Aristotle – 800 years later, in 4 century B.C. nd • Polybius – Hellenistic Age, in 2 centuryst.Cnd • Plutarch – 700-800 years later, in the 1 /2 century A.D. - best evidence for this period is contemporary poetry – the most common media Sparta - mythical lawgiver Lycurgus - lawgiver – name given to just, able people to constitute way of life - double hereditary kingship in Sparta – uncommon in this time, no longer in the era of kings – hereditary generalship – more like military commanders - five ephors – swore on behalf of the city – kept the “kings” in check - extreme militarization of state – dominates large part of the mainland – warriors are citizens - hoplite class – the entire citizen body – young boys are educated in a military school – raised by the state – even as adults they met and ate in a common military eating group - homoioi – “uniform” – equ
More Less

Related notes for CLA160H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit