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Lecture 4

WEEK 4-ATHENS, SPARTA AND THE PELOPONNESIAN WARS.docx

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Professor
Ephraim Lytle
Semester
Winter

Description
CLA160H1S WEEK 4 ATHENS SPARTA AND THE PELOPONNESIAN WARS Required Reading Nagle AW pp 110138The First Peloponnesian War 460446 BCChanges to Athenian constitution were being made o Result of the increasing importance of naval operation and the rovers of the fleet462461 BC series of laws eliminating last vestiges of the aristocratic constitution were passedAreopagus jurisdiction restricted to only trying cases of religious significance Cimon and PericlesCimon most powerful individual in Athens was assisting Sparta with most recent helot revolt o Spartans feared that the revolutionary spirit of Athens would affect the Spartan citizens so they sent Cimon and troops homeAthens formed an alliance with Spartas enemies Argos and ThessalyCimon was ostracized in 461Athenians commit to antiSpartan policyPericles was left in charge of the policy and democracy at largeMegara left Spartan alliance and joined Athens giving Athenian alliance great geographical advantageSpartan army operating in Boeotia encountered Athenians coming home o Suffered great losses and were forced to withdraw o Athenians took control of Boeotia regionMilitarywar action was widespread in these yearsAthenian policyweaken Persians whenever possible o Joined with the rebel King of Egypt Inaros in fight against Persians o Defeated Phoenician forces o Persians recovered in 455 BC and defeated Egyptians and GreeksEgyptian Expedition forced Athenian alliance to move treasury to Athens and recalled CimonEntered into 5 yr treaty with Sparta 451 BC but by 450 BC had recovered enough to send 200 ships to Cyprus where they defeated the PersiansCimon died 449 BCimpulse to fight Persians immediately evaporatesFrom Alliance to EmpireAllies ceased to meet when treasury was moved to AthensAthens began to make unilateral decisions
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