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Week 7 - Odyssey - Books 5-12

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University of Toronto St. George
Timothy Perry

Lecture #7 Page 1 Week Seven - Odyssey 5-12 Monday, February 22, 2010 IN-CLASS ESSAY: Monday, March 8th o Have 60 minutes o 5 topics will be known, 3 will be on the test o Choose 1 out of the 3 available o Write 5-7 pages o When studying come up with a structure/outline for each essay o Marked on: Proper essay structure (have into, conclusion, etc) Spelling and Grammar o Topics: Consider the myth of Prometheus as told by Hesiod in the Theogony and Works and Days. Comment on the use that Hesiod makes of this myth in the two poems and the significance of the similarities and differences between the two versions. Talk about content Both mention Pandora, theft of fire Sacrifice features in Theogony, not Works and Days -- Why? Pandora's jar of evils features in the Works and Days, is absent in Theogony -- Why? Theogony: about the rise of Zeus and the various challenges he has to face, including Prometheus Works and Days: concentrating on the miserable human condition Don't summarize the two versions of the stories 2. How do the divine characters in the Iliad and the Odyssey resemble human characters? How are they different? What is the significance of these similarities and differences? Anthropomorphic nature of the gods Compare to Hesiod, deities part of the universe and that are anthropomorphic Social arrangement of the gods: "one big family" Ruled over by a King like Homeric society Marry each other, related to each other Key Differences Gods are less morally accountable for their actions than their human counterparts Therefore act more frivolously e.g.) deception of Zeus by Hera in the Iliad, Ares and Aphrodite in Odyssey No lasting punishment Relationship to Fate 3. The Iliad and the Odyssey were part of an oral tradition. How did this influence the composition of the poems? Discuss with relation to at least two features of orality found in the poems. Look at the various features including formulas, type scenes (aristea, arming scene), similes, ring composition, repetition, etcLecture #7 Page 2 All allow originality through variation as well as gives the poet a break 4. Consider the actions of EITHER Achilles OR Hector in the Iliad. Do the actions of this hero conform to the heroic code? How does he succeed and/or fail as a hero? Define the Heroic Code Look at the potential of a hero to help and hurt their communities Achilles Argument with Agamemnon Avenging of Patroclus -- Does he go too far? Hector Meeting with Andromache Decision to face Achilles in Book Twenty-Two 5. Consider the depiction of women in the Odyssey. How do female characters serve as obstacles to Odysseus' nostos? How do they help him achieve it? Calypso, Athena, the Sirens, Nausicaa, Circe, Penelope Book Five: o Calypso wishes to marry Odysseus and make him immortal This is the first of several female threats to Odysseus' nostos Odysseus never forgets Ithaca or Penelope and maintains the desire to go home o The gods send Hermes to demand Odysseus' release Hermes tells Calypso to release Odysseus Odysseus builds a raft, sails for several days and is shipwrecked and washes up on an unknown shore and falls asleep Book Six: Odysseus meets Nausicaa o Opens with a brief description of the inhabitants of the land he has shipwrecked onto: the Phaea
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