Class Notes (836,414)
Canada (509,777)
Classics (1,714)
CLA160H1 (318)
Lecture 3

Week 3 - Iliad - Books 1-8

6 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Professor
Timothy Perry
Semester
Winter

Description
Ryan Breen Timothy Perry CLA236 January Iliad 1-8 Book 1  First extent work in western literature o SOME argue it is the greatest o Even though it is the beginning, it actually is more of the end literary tradition Patronymics  ‘son of Peleus’ = Achiles  ‘son of Atreus’ = Agamemnon or Menelaus o Atreidus - *ides* means the son of in Greek  ‘son of Menoetius = Patroclus Nationalities  Greeks = Achaens, Argives, Danaans  Trojans, Dardanians, Phyrgians  Ilium is another name for Troy Formulas  Short, repeated phrases  Feature of oral tradition o Poet composes as he performs  Useful for maintaining metre  The Homeric epithet o Words like “Brilliant”, quick-footed to describe Achilles o Zeus = god of clouds o Describitive adjectives associated with someone’s name  Formulaic example o He bit the earth with his teeth = death Setting  Trojan war  Greeks vs. Trojans  Fought for the return of Helen  Helen is the most beautiful women in the world  Iliad only focuses on a few days of the 10 year Trojan war o In particular it focuses on the hero Achilles Summary of events that lead up to the War  Various strands of greek myths or legend come together to leave up to the Trojan war  Father and Mother of Achilles o Father = greek hero o Mother = greek sea goddess o They get married  Originally Zeus wants to marry mother  However there is a myth that the son will be greater than the father  Zeus doesn’t want this and avoids it, and the possibility of Zeus being scared by the offspring if another god marries her  So zeus marries her off to a mortal  Mother agrees to the wedding  All gods are invited except Eris  Eris is the goddess of strike  Which was not suitable at a wedding  So she gets an apple, and writes a message on an apple that says for the most beautiful woman  All the female gods fight over it  These leads to judgement of Paris, who is suppose to settle the dispute  All the God’s try to bribe them o Aphrodite offers Helen to fall in love with them o Helen is the wife of menalayous, king of Sparta, menalayous is the brother of Agamemnon o Paris of course chooses Aphrodite, in order to obtain Helen o Aphrodite aids Paris to capture Helen from Sparta o This starts the war o 10 year of the siege is where the action of the Iliad takes place o Abduction of Helen is frequently mention o The judgement of Paris is only mentioned once in lighting o The wedding of Achilles parents is not mentioned at all The Prologue  Invocation of the Muse o First line doesn’t mention the goddess  Less elaborate than Hesiod  Sets out what the poem will be about o Subject is wrapped in the first line  The wrath of Achilles o Identifies a very different subject, “rage” of Achilles and its consequences  This rage is not what one would normally expect  The consequences of this rage cost the Achaeans many losses.  The will of Zeus o The plan of Zeus o Everything that happens is the will of Zeus, all the suffering everything o Why is this?  Zeus is asked to let the Achaeans suffer  Many near eastern myths contain a divine plan that is to destroy humanity  This feature of the poem was part of this near eastern myth  Homer is entirely absent from the Prologue, and not mentioned throughout the poem at all o Hesiod mentions much about himself in the Theogony  Heroes in Greek literature are protectors of people, but in contrast they also can cause great trouble. Main Action of Iliad 1 Argument of Agamemnon and Achilles  Both are men of political power o Achilles = best personal warrior o Agamemnon = best political leader  Ostensibly over two women  Chryseis o Slave woman has been captured over the course of the war o Her father is a priest to Apollo o A plague is placed on the army till his daughter is returned o Agamemnon agrees and returns her, but wants another woman in return  Briseis o Briseis = Achilles slave woman o Agamemnon wants Achilles slave woman o Achilles is about to kill him o He stops, gives Agamemnon his women, but says that he will no longer fight, and take his warriors with them o Women in this time were obviously seen as just property and did not have any individual rights  Actually tied to heroic code – governs the ways in which heroes were suppose to behave or act o Time (honour)  Goal of most heroic action, while the hero is alive  Is given into hero in recognition of his worth, by the titan community  Word also means worth or value in greek  Translation is usually correct, but more abstractly the translation would mean glory o Kudos (glory)  Usually seen as tangible wealth o Geras (a prize)  Object of tangible wealth given for their heroic service to the community o A hero who proves his worth to community is often given honour o Each of these women were given to each of Achilles and Agamemnon as prizes by the community for recognition of honour and greatness given into them by community  So Agamemnon has to give up his “geras” (prize) o It would be dishonourable for him to give up his prize o This is why he demands a replacement o But when he asks for another heroes prize, he breaches the heroic code  Agamemnon takes Achilles woman, he has dishonoured him o Achilles is already upset that Agamemnon gets too many prizes o He then argues that he and his warriors are doing the brunt of the fighting and that the plunder is not being divided up evenly o IT is because of this that he refuses to fight  Achilles refusal to fight,
More Less

Related notes for CLA160H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit