Class Notes (806,520)
Canada (492,274)
Classics (1,680)
CLA160H1 (318)

CLA 310 L10.10-17

10 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Susan Dunning

CLA 310 R ELIGION OFROME S. DUNNING 10/10-17/12 **MIDTERM 6-7pm INDIVIDUALS ANDR ELIGIONI (10/10) Roman domestic religion - Source of great debate - What we decide is domestic and civic religion - Roman religion thought as civic, could only worship with other groups of people (in theory) - Think about the differences practices of the plebeians and the patricians o How do they worship? - Classic Roman example of pietas is Aeneas carrying his father and penates from Troy o Different from religiosus - How do Romans make choices about how they worship gods? o Do they have to do it a specific way or is there flexibility about how they do it? Roman house - Upper middle class citizen - Atrium hearth, lobby central courtyard o Where people would come to do business o Focus of the house where women do all the cooking, close to the dining room - Other parts of the house: peristyle (columned garden), cubiculum (bedroom), and oecus (living/dining room) o Roman decoration permanent and pervading (no part of wall left undecorated) - As houses get more developed, they cook less at atrium smelly - Lararium shrine for the household deities (lares) o Not every household had a shrine Lares - They dont have distinct stories or names or personalities - Worshipped as a group collective deities - Clothing is flowy, often seen dancing light on their feet (floaty) - Hold cornucopia or plain horns (drinking horns) - Connected with bounty and plenty - Common representation of Lares are that they are often paired together - Domestic setting: lares familiares - Public setting (crossroads): lares compitales, lares that protected the city o Former celebrated by festival Compitalia; later changed to lares Augusti - Marine setting: lares of the sea - Also found in fields and neighborhoods - These deities are very pervasive - Romans were supposed to cultivate a relationship with them o Give the lares familiares food offerings, flowers, honeycombs - Non-human deities nor are they connected to dead ancestors but they are interested in preserving familys best interests - Classified on the same level of penates as a genius - The duties of attending to the lares is assigned to the paterfamilias and assisted by the materfamilias - Slaves and children also gave presents to these and other deities Plautus, Alularia - Lares in terms of woman and marriage o Dowry - The girl gives to the lares and he favours her - Family devotion was not the only duty of the man everyone in the family had to give o Constant give-and-take relationship Augustus and the Lares Compitales - Names this cult after himself significance? o Established himself as father of Rome (paterfamilias) o Affirm self as religious head - The people in charge of this cult were commoners o Slaves could also hold important religious positions o Inclusion in the family of Rome o What goes on in the house is parallel to what goes on in public o Master wants slaves to be included in worship Want all the slaves in Rome to be just as concerned with Romes welfare as the citizens - Groups of freedmen and slaves formed colleges and made sure rituals were performed in different areas of the city very organized o Not just going to have slaves running around freely o Freedmen held more important positions than slaves Genius and Juno- Genius of paterfamilias and Juno formed central role on protecting family - Guardian spirits of man and woman - Juno, goddess of marriage o Had smaller counterparts (as noted by epithets) to protect women - Genius holding a round dish, going through actions of sacrifice o Other representations have a box of incense o Wears a toga sometimes veiled (sacrificing / performing a ritual) - Offering sacrifices to genius of specific men and houses - Most families has statues in houses but some could not afford it Aeneas and the Penates of Troy - Individual people worshipped penates within domestic context Lararium - Temple architecture brought into a persons house - What is represented in image would have probably been significant for the people of the family, but we still dont have ancient commentary on that - Serpent at the bottom o Chthonic, fertility symbol o Shed their skin
More Less

Related notes for CLA160H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.