Class Notes (835,929)
Canada (509,507)
Classics (1,714)
CLA204H1 (433)
D.Sells (10)

January 26 Lecture

4 Pages
Unlock Document


CLA204 January 26, 2011 The Olympians Lecture 3 Male Deities Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Hermes, Hephaestus, Ares, Dionysus Female Deities Hera, the Muses, Aphrodite, Demeter, Artemis, Athena Zeus -supreme god, god of sky (near eastern analogues), thunderbolt is main weapon -depiction: main in his prime, animals: bull and eagle -upholder of justice, amorous objects of zeus affection are often negatively affected, many identities -responsible for decline of humanity, but also attributed to the creation of humanity -creation and destruction works and days -gives birth to faiths, graces and muses; females that impose order on the universe, oppressive nature -model of proper Greek male, adultery issues represent their issues -God of Justice -marriage with Themis (all thats established): creates Seasons and Fates -wrathful; upholds all this is sacred and moral; Zeus Xenios -depicted with thunder and lightning, his powers; but he is vulnerable -his authority is not supreme, always subjects to Fates and the rules of the universe -Aphrodite uses powers on Zeus (his daughter) -Homer (Iliad 1) hints at near successful revolution which was being planned against Zeus by the other gods, led by Hera -Demeter forces Zeus to yield to her demands for the return of her daughter, Demeter -Zeus needs Prometheus secret, so he must let him go, subject to the oracles -death of his son, Sarpedon, at Troy (decides not to save him, although he can) knows he should abide by some rules Poseidon -Neptune in Roman myth, carries trident, symbol of his power; ocean equivalent of Zeus thunderbolt -depicted at the prime of his life -god of sea and earthquakes -attributes; beard, trident, often naked from the waist, up, flowing hair -married to Amphitrite, known as an angry god -associated with bulls and horses -impregnated Medusa, fought with Athena for patronage of Athens in its early mythological history -Medusas head is cut off, Pegasus emerges from her neck Hades -god of the underworld, kidnaps and marries Persephone (daughter of Demeter) -lord of the dead, powerful unnatural force -5 rivers of the underworld; Styx, Acheron, Lethe, Cocytus, Phlegethon -individuals in Hades; guarded by Cerberus, 3 judges Mynos (King of Crete), Radymanthes, Iachus; judges determined how life would be lived in the underworld, Furies punish particularly bad crimes (crimes against relatives) -helmet of Hades makes him invisible, god of wealth coins, gold etc. come from earth (mostly geological) Apollo -god of music, poetry, plague, prophecy -characteristically Greek, born on Delos, to Leto (a titan) Delos; sacred to Apollo -frustrated lover; Sybil, Cassandra, Daphne, Coronis (mother of Asclepius), Hyacinthus -vengeful; kills Marsyas (satyr), children of Niope -contradictory god; restrained yet passionate associated with order and behaviour; meden agan -founded Delphic oracle
More Less

Related notes for CLA204H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.