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Lecture

Intro

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA204H1
Professor
E.Barbiero
Semester
Summer

Description
CLA204H1 Lecture 1 May 16 What is mythology? N 1) deconstruct what the textbook suggests N Base of the word mythology muthos (utterance, story, imaginary, not provable) and logos (rational construction, study) so the study of things that are not provable. It is sort of an oxymoron. N Muthos corresponds to the latin fabula 1) Divine myth a story with supernatural actors. Traditional story with collective importance (passed on for generations, means something for a group of people) N Difference between myth and religious observance N Course of action following belief is called ritual N Myth is not ritual. Myth is a story N But the line is blurry, because if we go to a festival celebrating Athena, Z ZZZ Z N Ancient myth is either in the distant past or in time outside of mythology? N Golden age humans interact with divine, gods came down to earth and spoke to humans N Iron age = classical age, man has to work to eat, men are greedy N Arachne boasted about weaving skills, so Athena challenged her, turned Arachne into a spider so we learn to not brag and compare outselves to the gods > myths give us a model of behaviour N Myths are anonymous N Myths are changeablei9 N The function of myth is to explain why things are the way they are Z N Etiology: explains the origin or cause of a phenomenon an etiological myth ex: Arachne N Etymology: the origin of a word ex: Arachne, tells us the origin of Arachne 2) Legend N The great deeds of aristocratic heroes and heroines in the human past ex: Trojan War N Mythology = science, explaining phenomena N Legend = history, answers what happened in the human past 3) Folktale N Actors are ordinary human beings or animals N Folk = from German word volk, stories about people 1 www.notesolution.com
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