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Lecture 11

CLA204H1 Lecture 11.docx

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Regina Hoeschele

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CLA204H1 – Lecture 11 Tuesday, March 70, 2012 Topics: O VI’SM ETAMORPHOSES IIIBook 8-11 Pay close attention to the significance of myths for the final exam. Exam: short answer, passage identification (+significance), essay topic and refer to texts OR creative assignment… Book 8  Various frames already encountered are concluded.  Epic – The Calydonian Boar Hunt; Meleager; Meleager’s sisters  Theseus- framed  Theseus still the main hero, connected by going to Crete, part of Boar hunt and part of story of Achelous Scylla and Minos  Scylla similar to how Helen looks down at Troy, falls in love with Minos  Minos trying to avenge the death of this son  Similar to Medea who turns her back on her family (for Jason)  Scylla’s monologue o Father has purple lock, strength of the city represented through hair (like Samson – narrative topos)  Cuts off hair, but Minos is disgusted – form of treason that he cannot embrace. Will capture Megara but rejects Scylla. As Minos sails off, she jumps off a cliff and transformed into a bird – Ciris (keiro: to cut off) Minos -> Minotaur -> Daedalus -> Theseus -> Ariadne  Minos comes back and finds his wife gave birth to a monster (half-man, half- bull)  Image – Theseus and the Minotaur o Semibovemque virum semivirumque bovem (Ars Amatoria 2.24) o Contest with friends to write down three lines, they’d like to omit o Wrote down his three favourite lines, but his friends thought they were the worse  Minotaur: labyrinth is Crete, where monster is locked up, built by Daedalus. Daedalus built the wooden cow, so wife could have sex with creature. o To take revenge of murder of son; asks for tributes 14 boys and girls sent to Crete every nine years o Theseus will try to defeat the Minotaur  Hunger Games parallel? Panem et circuses  Story of fight with Minotaur skipped; typical with Ovid – already described by Catallus. o Summarizes that Ariadne helps Theseus through the labyrinth by her thread. o Theseus leaves her on Naxos  Ariadne o Dionysus comes in and sweeps her off her feet o Crown is turned into a constellation – catasterism Daedalus  Most well-known stories from antiquity  Daedalus and Icarus o Builds a pair of wings for his son, Icarus gets too close to the sun and melts the wax and falls to his death o Act of hubris – went too far o In Ovid’s tale – unable to see this, because it looks like Icarus doesn’t know better. Portrayed as a little boy and loving father o Scene where Icarus plays with feathers; and “last kisses he’ll ever give” o Marginalized by Ovid  Sarcastically says, Daedalus no longer a father  Way he is exiled on Crete – terrible story o Nephew Perdes apprentice so talented, that Daedalus pushes him off the acropolis o Turns into a partridge that doesn’t fly –Icarus’ death as punishment Calydonian Boar Hunt  Includes all heroes from that day and age  King Oineus, sacrificed to every god except to Diana she sent a wild boar o Gathers all heroes to hunt – leading hero = Theseus o Fame spreads so much, that people ask for Theseus rather than Meleagor  Myth told in Book 9 – parallel to Achilles stepping out of battle o Catalogued of people (common feature in poetry) o Nestor – uses spear to jump on tree to get out of way (undermines image created in the Iliad) o First to achieve affect Boar Atalanta, Meleagor secretly in love and first to see  Meleagor finishes it off o Wants to give head to Atalanta, but kills his uncles when they disagree with this  Althaea burning the log o Upset at son for killing her two brothers o At his birth, a log was given representing his life o Burns up the log, but torn between love for brothers and her son o Female who can’t decided what to do due to her loyalties o Kills son, then herself. His sisters turned into birds – significant because Greek word connected to Meleagor Theseus and Achelous  Feast held with Theseus and his men since they can’t pass the river o Calimachian tales are told  Water imagery seen as metaphor  Set of islands seen at a distance o Once nymphs but transformed into islands o Told in the context, Ovid stages a reader’s reaction o One character makes a comment: daredevil son laughs at the gods  Halfway through Metamorphoses o Staging of someone’s response, someone who doubts these tales to be true but portrayed as blasphemous, and others assures the validity of what is being told  Philemon and Baucis o Mercury and Jupiter; disguised as mortals and see if they can be hosted by somebody o Story pattern: theoxeny “good hospitality” o Prepared to slaughter their one and only goose, they save them while they destroy everybody else o Create a flood that destroys the neighbourhood, and abode turns into a temple and are given the gift to die together (their one wish) and transformed into trees. Philemon one of the few characters to be turned into a tree o Story actually moves Theseus  Character remember his own experience being hosted by an old woman o Ovid plays with the reader and previous literature  Story of impiety o Proteus; summary of metamorphoses o Eryschithon cutting down a sacred tree; Diana is angered.  Diana asks hunger to be personify Eryschithon  Breathes herself (‘hunger’) onto him o Sells off daughter who has ability to change shape, so person unable to find her  Multiple sales of daughter o Begins to gnaw himself because he’s so hungry  Achelous o Recalls how he lost his one horn o Europa is holding horn of bull – book roll Book 9 “Herculeis”  Various scenes of Hercules’ lives, and mother Alcmene with Iole Achelous and Hercules  Fight over his wife Deianira (Meleager’s sister); Hercules breaks off one of the horns of bull, filled with goodies - cornucopia  Takes to river, Nessus the centaur tries to rape her o Gives his shirt to Deianira, which is poisoned but is a ‘love’ spell  The death of Hercules; throws Lichas off a cliff and turns into a stone  Ovid, inserts most famous part in such few lines; lists deeds while he dies  Marries Hebe on Olympus  First apotheosis – other associ
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