June 17, 2013
CLA204 Week 15
What Happened to the Trojans After the Trojan War?
Rome had colonized and taken over a lot of places, Macedonia and into the east they
had managed to expand its power by relying on allies to pay taxes and send men to
the army. Social wars come out cuz all these Latin allies living in Italy frustrated
wanted citizenship and right to vote –this is why war was fought outcome Latin
allies became citizens and got greater status then Rome’s other conquered allies.
Same time fighting with allies conflict with old aristocratic noble families. 2 part of
Aeneid takes place in Italy.
Gnaeus Pompey and Julius Caesar
Internal conflict. Old aristocratic families relied on wealth to get what they wanted.
New breed of politician might not have been wealthy or had old political connection
got popular support got lots of lower class ppl on their side to vote for them ppl
believed they were the right person to lead Rome even if they weren’t rich.
Pompey is super rich, family is old, established, and aristocratic likes status quo.
Other side of civil war is Julius Caesar-earning popular support trying to work
outside established system of government to make change and gain power for
himself. The two fight a war with each other eventually Pompey is killed Caesar is
the victor and sole leader of Rome, only person with final say. Caesar didn’t do
enough to make his image not look like someone who is just telling everyone else
what to do –came across as a tyrant/dictator who didn’t care what everyone else
though-he gets assassinated because ppl are worried abt his growing power.
Marc Anthony and Octavian / Battle of Actium 31 BCE
Octavian/Augustus was Caesars grandnephew. Wanted to become the next Julius
Caesar, Anthony was one of his loyal supporters, Octavian/Augustus was blood
relative of Caesar both attempt to take up Caesars role. Octavian spends time in city
gaining support from political allies. Anthony goes east in search of money he ends
up with Cleopatra in Egypt gets her support and has children with her. When ppl
find out Anthony is going to make his Egyptian kids heirs the two-fight war together.
Anthony is seen as a traitor. Navy battle in ships, Marc Anthony is defeated.
Eventually Marc Anthony and Cleopatra commit suicide. There is a single ruler in
charge again- Octavian. June 17, 2013
Ara Pacis – Tellus or Pax?
Trying to rule as a single person at same time doing it has to make it seem like
senate still has power and old aristocratic ppl still have power. Has to show it’s a
good think Rome is now a place of peace and stability. Has to conduct serious
propaganda campaign to make sure he doesn’t get assassinated too. Aeneid by Virgil
is to make Augustus look like a good ruler who is not going to screw over Rome.
*(Don’t need to remember all these details>) revived religious practices revived
cults, concerned with Roman morality, thought ppl should get married have lots of
kids their should be no adultery, made city function more successfully, secured food
supply made sure Rome has enough grain, introduces police force, to make it look
like his rule is a good thing. He is just helping Rome to be a better place.
Ara Pacis = Altar of peace, cornucopia full of fruit and grains, guys represent salt
water and fresh water, jug at the bottom with water flowing out, flower vegetation,
and lushness everywhere wanted ppl to thing it was an amazing place and that
Rome was like this because of him.
The Aeneid *don’t need to know all this
Book 1: Aeneas encounters a storm and is cast ashore at Carthage. While
sailing around the seas to find a new place to found a city
Book 2: The hero tells Dido of his escape from Troy. Ex. Death of Priam
Book 3: The wanderings of Aeneas: Harpies, meeting with Helenus. Death of
Anchises. Tells what happened to him after the fall of Troy and Aeneas dad
Book 4: Dido's passion for Aeneas. At Jupiter's/Zeus’s command, Aeneas
departs knows has duty to found a city. Dido is heartbroken commits suicide
Book 5: Aeneas reaches Sicily. Funeral games for Anchises.
Book 6: Aeneas encounter with the prophet Sibyl at Cumae. He meets
Anchises in the Underworld to learn of his future.
Book 7: Aeneas lands in Latium, Italy. Latinus promises Lavinia, sparks war
cuz Lavinia is already betrothed. Juno and Allecto stir up war. Catalogue of
8-12 Hear abt what happens in war. At the end of play war still going on but he does
kill his rival the guy who was suppose to marry the woman betrothed to him
• Book 8: Aeneas secures the help of Evander and the Etruscans. Story of
Hercules and Cacus. Armor from Vulcan.
• Book 9: Turnus attacks the Trojan camp. Nisus and Euryalus. The camp is
• Book 10: Council of gods. Tuscan catalogue. Turnus kills Pallas. Juno saves
Turnus from raging Aeneas. Aeneas kills Mezentius.
• Book 11: Burial of Pallas. Diomedes' refusal. Council: Drances abuses Turnus.
The Trojans attack. Death of Camilla.
• Book 12: Single combat arranged, but treachery provokes a general
engagement. Trojans attack the city. In single combat, Aeneas kills Turnus. June 17, 2013
Virgil and Homer
*Have to read Aeneid in political context. Virgil is a slavish imitator of Homer,
though Homer was greatest poet of all time his Aeneid is homage to Homer showing
his respect for him. Arma refers to Iliad poem abt huge war violence chaos
destruction, Direct-Aeneas like Odysseus is just trying to get home
What Virgil is going to write is going to be using Homer stuff to tell story
Servius – politics + Homer in relation to Virgil very imp.
The Fall of Troy (The Penates)
He’s remembering what happened to the city, idea of Trojan horse, Laocoon eaten
by snakes, Priam sacrificed at altar all comes from Virgil’s Iliad. Aeneas wants to
stay fight and die protecting his city, Hectors ghost appears to him and tells him, its
his duty to take as many survivors as he can, abandon Troy, given a pass, doesn’t
have to do normal thing to search for as much glory as he can, Hector gives him
permission to do something diff. New city is going to be like new Troy, takes Penates
with him Latin word that means something like household god/ancestral god, he
takes religious symbol of house of Troy with him to be part of the new city he will
found. Also takes his family.
Aeneas, Creusa, Iulus (=Ascanius), Anchises
Roman Pietas (duty)
Aeneas takes his old father Anchises on his back, his young child (Iulus also called
Ascanius) Caesar claimed he was a direct descendant of Aeneas Augustus also
traced ancestor to important mythical figures. Aeneas wife Creusa gets lost in crowd
cant find her only finds her ghost, which tells him down worry abt me go off and do
what you have to do. Going to do Odysseus like thing, is going to go off and have
adventures they are diff they have diff objectives Odysseus is trying to go back to
same stable situation, Aeneas is leaving Troy behind entirely has nothing to go back
to, going forward to new wife he doesn’t know yet.
Aeneas in Thrace, Delos, Crete
Receive bad omens ghost of Polydorus (son of Priam and Hecuba) that this is not the
place for them and that they need to move on. Ghost of Polydorus appears to them
and tells Trojans to go somewhere else not Thrace. Next Delos sacred to Apollo were
he was born, because of this they get a prophecy they are told to seek place where
first Trojan was born (his names not imp) they think it’s the island of Crete, they
attempt to build new city, they are attacked by plague doing the wrong thing not
following prophecy, not place were ancestry was born. Aeneas finds out in a dream
that the place ancestor was born was in Italy. Fail to set up city in Thrace and Crete.
Harpies of Strophades
Go to Island of Strophades for supplies. One of Harpies makes prophecy that is dark;
Trojans will become so hungry that they will be forced to eat their own tables. They
leave behind the Harpies and sail on. June 17, 2013
Helenus and Andromache
Next come to island were they find Andromache who was Hectors wife; she married
Trojan Helenus who is a prophet. Aeneas is told he will know when he has reached
the exact right spot in Italy, a white pig with litter of 30 piglets. Tells them general
info that they wont eat their tables tells them which coast of Italy to land on to be
safe and how to avoid Scylla and Charybdis so wont have same problem as
Odysseus. Tells them they must constantly make sacrifices to Juno/Hera who has
many reasons to hate the Trojans, Paris was a Trojan, told Aphrodite that she was
most beautiful instead of choosing Hera. Angry that Greek suffered in Trojan War.
One of Juno’s/Hera’s cities is Carthage. Juno is opposed to Trojans objective. Final
thing is that they must go to Sibyl to get important instructions for city. Not to anger
Juno but appreciate her.
Aeneas in Sicily Part I
Btw Sicily and Italy lots of shipwrecks avoid Scylla and Charybdis encounter one of
Odysseus friends, they are warned away from Cy