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University of Toronto St. George
Claesson Welsh

The Greek Hero Monday, October 25, 2010 10:08 AM Saga/Legend : ’Has a perceptible relationship to history, however fanciful and imaginative Myth: - Set in time beyond human history - Myths stand outside of historic time - Principal characters are Gods and Goddesses Reoccurring Motifs: 1. The Hero usually has elements of the extraordinary linked to his birth and his childhood 2. He inevitably faces opposition of one sort from the beginning and as a result he must prove his inherent worth by surmounting challenges of every kind 3. His enemy usually instigate his achievement 4. He is helped by one ally, divine, or human 5. He faces apparently insuperable obstacles, often must be accomplished through a quest 6. Adventurous conflicts with divine, human, or monstrous opponents 7. May also observe taboos 8. Death itself is the ultimate conquest, usually achieved by going to the underworld 9. Hero’s success may be rewarded with marriage, political security, or wealth and power Legend: - Relationship to the human realm - Related to the history of humanity - :2-078/43¶9 2,9907L9L89K0Z,\\4:O0,73,3/.4330.994K:2,3KL8947\ - Principal characters are humans, even though God and Goddesses often play a role - Legends Chiefly: | Purport and tell about events from human past are stories about heroes - Hierarchy: Olympians minor Gods; demigods; heroes; mortals Example of a Hero: Frodo Baggins - Setting: middle-earth - Frodo’s Greek Heroic Features | Has a helper (fellowship) | Falls under the power of an enemy | Goes on a quest to the end of the world/to the land of the dead | Magical objects (rings, cloaks, phial, the sword sting) | Returns home at the end of the quest (life of peace and solitude) - Not like a Greek Hero in these ways: | Humble, filled with self-doubt about finishing quest | Not seeking glory, surprised when he himself volunteers | Humble: without the clear strength and surperior size of a Greek Hero | He fails in his
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