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CLA204H1 - November 27

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Lee Sawchuk

Introduction to Classical Mythology The Greeks During and After Troy The End of the Trojans - Paris - Proclus Little Iliad - takes place after the Iliad - Philoctetes and Paris duel - Paris mortally wounded in the duel - Parthenius 4: First Marriage - Oenone (the wife; a healer) refuses to heal Paris - Menelaus mutilates his body before it is recovered by the Trojans - this is a bad thing, not something you should do religious-wise - Helen marries Deiphobus - Menelaus mutilates him too - War still going on - Priam - takes refuge at altar to Zeus - Neoptolemus (Pyrrhus) drags him away and beheads him on the altar - this is sacrilege, because he is under protection of Zeus (suppliant) - son of Achilles (pre-war) - prophecy---he was supposed to come to war to fight; he needs to be there in order to sack the city - they had to go back to Greece and pick him up - "new war" is the translation of his name - Vergil Aeneid 2.557-558 "lies, a great and mutilated body, head torn from shoulders, a nameless corpse on the seashore" ***Image: Neoptolemus in his war gear - killing Priam - he is using a child to beat Priam ***Image: Neoptolemus stabbing Priam (N on the right) - no baby this time - woman in distress, lamenting - other people in armour nearby - a dead child hanging over him - Polyxena - daughter of Priam and Hecuba - Achilles's ghost demands share in spoils - she is sacrificed over his tomb - human sacrifice is usually not seen as a good thing - Andromache - wife of Hector - Neoptolemus's slave - Astyanax - son of Hector and Andromache - "lord of the city" - supposed to rule after Hector - they want to get rid of him so that he never wants to get revenge - thrown from the walls of Troy - Hecuba - becomes a slave to Odysseus - turned into a dog and jumps off the ship - Cynossema is the place where she jumps off ("dog's tomb") - Cassandra - revenge at the temple of AThena - "dragged off" by Ajax the lesser while she is under protection of Athena - sacrilegious - because of this Athena is angry and wants to punish the Greeks - concubine of Agamemnon - very prestigious prize - prophet of Apollo - killed by Clytemnestra in Mycenae/Argos, as well as Agamemnon • Aeneas – Escapes to Mt. Ida • Usually with his father on his back (shows strong family tradition) – Progenitor of Roman people • Roman myth---the Greeks only had a prophecy that he would survive, but the Romans have him founding their people • Vergil’s Aeneid – Ovid Met. 13 and 14 • Apotheosis - the rest of the Trojans are killed - the Greeks all eventually die too - only Aeneas is made immortal - this is different from some earlier heroes (e.g. Heracles) - the Romans just made this version - similar to Julius Caesar - wanted to make a point The Greeks at Troy - Achilles - he is invulnerable except for his Achilles heel - according to Homer, he is mortal – Wrath • Dragging Hector - killed his brothers as well • Ransom = rehabilitation - similar to other heroes (atonement) - Quest - desire for glory - his own fame and reputation, at all costs - not seeking immortality - the only way that he will be known is by his actions (how many he kills) – Glory • Hector’s prophesy - "you are going to die at the hand of Apollo and Paris" - Achilles doesn't care---he goes back to fighting - he is consumed by his singular purpose---to gain glory – Destiny • Unique fate - it is supposed to happen, but he has a choice - the other heroes have no choice in their prophecies - this isn't something we've seen in the other heroes • Thetis: die at Troy but achieve great glory, or long-life at home without glory - he chooses to go to war - sometimes he fluctuates/reconsiders it - strange because of how glory-centric he is - there is a scene in the Iliad after he withdraws from the war, and the rest of the Greeks send an embassy. He suggests that he might return home the next day and refuses to come back. He also tells them about his fate. Is he just saying this or does he really plan on going home the next day? His fluctuation is unlike other heroes – Death - can only be killed by Apollo - different from typical hero death - more in line with later heroes • Ovid Met. 12 - Poseidon is involved---wants Achilles dead (despite being on Greek side) - Poseido
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