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LEcture 1

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University of Toronto St. George
A Keith

CLA204Greek MythologyBeware of inaccurate information on the internet especially on WikipediaExam will be short answer short essay commentary on images and commentary on source passagesThe final exam will be cumulativeMythfrom the Greek Muthos authoritative speech a tale or story a Myth is a traditional story with social importance for the people telling it has character plot and a particular temporal and spatial setting a story about the gods and their relationship with human beings may also explain a quality of the natural world or explain societys origins and values temporal setting is often in the distant past or a timeoutsideoftime predating human civilization once upon a time no specific date givenspatial setting is a long way away in a distant or fantastic land or a known butinaccessible location like the top of an unscaled mountain the bottom of the ocean or the underworld Mythology is the study of myth from the Greek Muthos and LogosCirculation of myth these stories were perpetuated through oral tradition and later literary and theatrical dance music performance methods and come to us through inscription on walls or claystone tablets preserved manuscripts art and sculpture There were often multiple versions of a myth depending on the storyteller and the focus of the story might differbe added or subtracted to Euripides often changed the focus of his plays to suit the particular audience Orpheus legendary Homer and Hesiod were oral storytellers Euripides and Ovid were writersOrpheus unknown possibly legendary credited with the composition of the Orphic Hymns a collection of which survivesthHomer around 8 century BCE composed the epic poems of the Iliad and OdysseyHesiod around 700 BCE composed the poems of the Theogony and others supposedly inspired to be a poet by the nine Muses while working as a shepherd on Mt Helicon epiphanyEuripides ca 480406 BCE author of numerous tragic plays especially concerning traditionally ignored groups such as women and tended to display a certain amount of Athenian exceptionalism
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