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Cosmogony and Theogony

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A Keith

Lecture Three Cosmogony and Theogony What is Cosmogony and TheogonyCosmogony the birth of the universe the cosmosTheogony the birth of the godsIn many traditions including the Greek Mythological tradition the two are identical Natural elements are themselves deities NonGreek Creation Stories BabylonSource Enuma Elish when on highththText probably dates to 18 to 16 c BCE Bronze AgeContains the Babylonian creation myth Leads to the supremacy of the Babylonian patron citydeity MardukThe natural elements and forces are viewed as gods Primordial watery substance Tiamat Female Cosmic Chaosdisorder Lack of form Defeated by Marduk Then divided and shaped by Marduk into elements of nature in their current proper order sky above mountains earth rivers below Marduk A Thundergod Male Cosmic order Defeats Tiamat and becomes a supreme godNonGreek Creation Myths EgyptVarious local versions with roughly the following outline Primordial infinite chaotic sea called Nu or Nun Pyramidal mound emerges from the sea The Sun often as god Ra emerges from the mound The natural elements and forces are viewed as gods NonGreek Creation Myths BiblicalA preexisting deity initiates creationInfinite and formless primordial watery massLight is createdThe watery mass is divided by a partition the sky in water above and water belowThe natural elements are not personified they are not gods Some Themes in Creation StoriesOne undifferentiated formless element is separated into multiple elementsFrom disorder eventually forms orderMotionless stagnant mass gives way to animated cosmos full of change and activity Hesiods Creation Myth
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