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CLA204H1 Mar. 20th Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Regina Hoeschele

Ovid Metamorpheses 6-7 now we move into realms of the heroes -first story is the story of Arachne -how Ovid connects all the stories -end of book 5, Minerva asked about magpies and shit, -so book 5 ends with the contest of the arts -book 6 begins with the weaving contest, Arachne so good at it she considers herself better than the Gods. -the motif is divine anger here, the 1st half of book 6 -Niobe also angers God, -Marsyas thinks hes better flute player than Apollo arachne and minerva -the way she weaves is similar to way to the cosmos creation -this globe has to be formed and fashioned and the thread that has to be spung is similar to how creator created the universe in book 1 -the creator of universe is artist, like the illusion to shield of achilles and now we have Arachne as creative figure -significance: something polish something fine. Remember the proeum to metamorpheses, the continuous song, the epic, the big narrative, to lead , to spin in a fine polished way. -Poitlomelogical, means what does it say about the poem. You got big epic of Ovid vs Callmichaic Arachne's fine art, specialzed. -so look at the tapestry of minerva, it's totally symmetrical, classical, in middle you get the contest between minerva vs neptune, and then in four corners you got women who stupidly challenged the Gods and turned into things, then you got olive branch (peace) wrappin around. -Arachne's tapestry different from Minerva = stands for eroticness of females, of flux, of changes, of chaos. it is the Callimichean way of writiing. Remember the song of the Pierides, also showed that Gods in an undesirable state turning into animals out of fear of giants. In the Arachne's tapestry, Gods turn into animals out of sexual lust.-also what distinguishes the 2 tapestries, in case of minerva's weaving, all the Gods easly identifiable through the symbols of the Gods, but for arachne, the Gods are not easily identifiale, its just part of the fluidity, the flux. -Ovid describes Arachne representing Europa and the Bulls. Significance of this is that first of all, it's not a real bull, it's just Zeus transforming himself to a bull. Second is that the tapestry's fashioned in so real that you think its real. The taspos (when you think its so well done its like real bull/real zeus) -to summarize we can say Minerva art = ordered epic poetry -Arachne = small subverting big classical literature, flux changing chaotic kind of poetry -Minerva and Arachne as transition point, departing from God (minerva) to the world of the humans heroes (arachne's story) Death of Niobe's Children -she knew of Arachne, also challenged to goddess, -Niobe boasting about her 14 children, 7 boys 7 girls, that she's much better, thus punished by Apollo and Diana. -hybris = do something that doesnt become of you, that you think you're more important than you really are. -Niobe's hybristic behaviours punished as mentioned.... -when the 7 boys dead, she was still ok, then the 7 girls die, then she gets super sad. -she's learned her lesson, grieves and regrets having been sooo hybristic, she soooo grieved she turnes into a stone. -Latona (mom of Apollo and Artemis) -once this happens to Niobe, people thought and recalled something similar happened (this is how ovid can use this narrative to bring up next story smoothly) Latona and Lycian peasants -lycian says that once about a time leto was hoing arond with diana and apollo. Even after she gave birth, she was still wandering about, now in Lycia, she's thirsty and sees some pond and asks to take a sip of water, she asks permission of the peasants. -these nasty peasants are like "nah min... fuck you" and even jump into pondmakin it muddy. -Latona even says she wants to drink the pure spring untainted... -these peasants, nasty creatures, they talk and shout and insult latona. -Latona gets real pissed off, turns them into frogs cause they are making such noises since frogs are noisy creatures. -so pure spring tiny fountain = calamachhean poetry -big muddy river = stands for epic tradition: loud and noisy and not refined. Quamvis sint sub aqua, sub aqua maledicere temptant = most famous line of this's in latin, it sounds like frogs when you say it... it says 'even when you under water, they still try to insult' (about the frog) -otematoprag = i.e. meow (about cat).. in this case its so genius, replicating sound of frog just by saying the sentence.. Marsyas story -what hapened here is pallas minerva invented the flute, she saw her reflection and that her cheeks were blown up and ugly. She throws away the flue, Marsyas the satyr plays it and gets really good and challenges Apollo sayin hes better. -Apollos declared the winner, and as punishment of Mrsyas, his skin gets teared off.. the flaying of Marsyas. -Ovid's description of the scene was quite nasty, quite detailed and quite gruesome, but Ovid loves to revel in the cruelty. He likes to take it over the top in his cruelty, prof says it gets very funny cause its so ridiculous. Transitional Moment: (Pelops)... where Ovid says let's go back to the story of Niobe, and the only person to really mourn her was Pelops -Pelops = brother of niobe, they are both children of Tantalaus. -Tantalaus took his son pelops, cut him into various pieces, served them to the Gods, the Gods noticed what they were eating, put him back together, but the shoulder was missing, this was Demeter who ate the shoulder piece cause she was at the time super sad about Persephone kidnaped. -Pelops has ivory shoulders for that reason. .. anyways transition to human world... Tereus, Procne, and Philomela-all ended up transformed to bird -statistical analysis found out that this transformation is told most popular in ancient texts outside of the Metamorphesus -so in this story, what's going on? -Tere
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