Lecture 11 Last Lecture!
LEAVE YOURSELF AN HOUR FOR THE LAST QUESTION!!!!
1. A roman ideal of a woman only married one
2. Greek term for household
3. Basket bearer
4. Athenian term for guardian
5. A resident alien in Athens who didn’t have any property rights
2) Manus means married and goes over to household to her husband, and has the legal position of a
daughter. Without manus, she stays under the authority of her father which gives her some freedom
3) Perikles citizenship laws, didn’t make it illegal, but the content said you could only be an Athenian
citizen if both your parents were Athenian in the 5 century. This became more impossible in the 6 th
century, they became an endogamic society
4) Equivalent of money given at point of marriage to daughter from father, to provide financial aid. The
woman couldn’t use it, what she could keep were clothes and jewels. If you got to a divorce, dowry
would have to be returned, if could turn, 18% dowry interest.
5) Wandering room is the idea the uterus of a woman dries up and moves around the body to moister
areas to get more fluid and liquids and presses against organs that causes diseases and suicidal.
There were various measures to bring it back – fragrances, exorcism, magical rights. The best
measure to take was to marry off woman and regularly have sex with her because she needs to keep
the womb moist. This makes her independent on a man, and without him she becomes sick.
6) Inherit it, allotment, election, purchase. Distinguish between democratic and genetillian priesthood,
where genetillian was where only members of a particular family could act as priests.
Geneticialin priesthood: happens in cults, you have to be a member of a specific family
Democratic priesthood: can be filled by other families
7) Vestil virgins had to guard the vesta fire that couldn’t be extinguished because if the fire goes on,
Romes fortress would go down. They were chosen while they were still girls and had to be virgins for
30 years, and if they broke their chasitity they would be married alive and man would be whipped to
death. They were free of a male guardian and after 30 years they could be married. There wasn’ t
anything comparable, in priestesses virginity didn’t really play a big role.
8) Texts where woman are portrayed as priests in a positive way, but most of all men seem to
be suspicious. There are various women only festivals, and because men can’t be a apart of
that they come up with fantasies and things that happen. Euripedes played the bacchi would
be an example of a negative portrayal. Juvenal Bona Dea scandal. Livy’s account of
FINAL EXAM: MATERIAL OF FINAL SEM
Questions like the 2 midterms, identification questions, quotations, images to identity, essay
questions that are very brought so you can bring in lots of sources. Or you can pick a creative course
where you can choose a dialogue. LECTURE:
There are famous notorious woman in ancient Rome, both negative and positive.
The portrayals that we encountered are usually biased, where their portrayed as
horrible, vindictive, always having sex. Probably not the case at all, and this idea is
very hard for us to reconstruct. Historians portray historical woman as dangerous,
scandalous, all portrayals by male authors, but we have no way of knowing.
Cornelia: MOTHER OF THE GRACCHI
Next to Lucretia, she’s the one roman female who appears as the absolute
embodiment of a good woman. She’s identified most of all through her mother hood,
the mother of Tiberoius and Gaius. She’s the daughter of a very famous Roman, Scipio
Africanus the conqueror of Rome’s arch enemy, Hannibal. She was married to Tiberius
Sempronius (name of the clan) Gracchus (cognomen, a nickname that later in his life got Most people
attach to him). in the same
Cornelia was 18 during her marriage, which was quite common, and she bore there’s a
Graccus 12 children which only 3 survived, Sempronia (a daughter), Tiberius and limited
Caius. amount of
She was famous for her virtue in the fact that she was an UNIVIRA, even Women are
though she lived quite a long time longer then her husband. She refused to on the female
marry Ptolmy VIII after her husbands death, not even wanting to become a queen. form
Sources portray her as very eloquent and very well educated, and gave a good
education to her sons. In later times, she was very worshiped and this is seen
through the fact that a statue was made for her, which was rare because she was a
mortal female and not a god. It is possible that a statues that wasn’t originally
meant to be for her, came to be her, Porticus (a hall with a lot of columns) spaces in
Rome that people often hung out. Porticus Octavia, put up by Augustus in honor of
his sister, the first structure brought up that was named after a female. The statue
was lost, but we found the statue based *CORNELIA AFRICANI (F:MEANING
DAUGHTER), and Cracchorum (mother). So here, she is defined as being the daughter
of the man who conqured Hannibal and as being the mother of the Gracchai.
Octavia is the mother of MARCELLUS (successor of Augustus), and in addition she had more
children, Second husband was Mark Antony, and she later took in Cleopatra’s family. She was
also a mother figure. So its not a coincidence that the statue was put in the Portica.
Grachai was a TRIBUNE (an important political office that you could be for 1 yr)
Meaning he was a rep of the Roman people, the PLEBS. In Rome you have 2 pops, nolble
PATRICIANS, and the non-nobles, PLEVELINS. Gracchai made laws and talked on behalf of the
lower ranked people.
CORNELIA LOSES BOTH GROWN UP SONS IN POLITICAL STRUGGLES.
Tiberius proposed a law about redistribution of public land, which was popular with the
Patrician wealthy people. In 133 BC, Tiberious is killed. 10 years later, his younger brother
Gaius also becomes a Tribute. The grcchai some how try to initiate social reforms in rome that
cause a lot of conflict, and both end up death. CORNELIA LOSES BOTH GROWN UP SONS IN POLITICAL STRUGGLES. Cornelia is always presented as the mother of the Gracchi, she is
defined by her mother hood but her son’s actions don’t taint her image.
TEXT: snake portent (life of Tiberius)