Class Notes (807,350)
Canada (492,715)
Classics (1,680)
CLA219H1 (91)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8.doc

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Victoria Wohl

Lecture 8: The Female Body – Ancient Gynecology Female Anatomy: 1. A lot of writing still preserved from antiquity. Modern perception  bizarre medicine compared to our medicine a) Hippocratic Oath  future doctors swear this oath i) Certain rules to follow ii) Goes back to antiquity but post Hippocrates 2. Hippocrates: a) From the island of Cos. Born in 460 BCE. b) Countless writings under H. yet most are not authentic i) What we do know for certain  dozens may be hundreds. ii) 12 treaties under Hippocrates.  Corpus: body  Hippocratic corpus (LT. Corpus Hippocraticum): a collection of around 60 early ancient Greek medical works associated to Hippocrates and his teachings, they are however, varied in content, age, style and are largely of unknown authorship. iii) His most famous work/coverage: Epilepsy! (chronic neurological disorder that is characterized by seizures)  In antiquity – considered a divine disease iv) Asclepius: son of Apollo ( God of healing)  He was originally a demi-god. Trained under Chiron, later up graded to god hood. c) Hippocratic Oath: an oath historically taken by physicians and other healthcare professionals swearing to practice medicine ethically and honestly. It is widely believed to have been written either by Hippocrates, often regarded as the father of western medicine, or by one of his students. The Hippocratic Oath (orkos) is one of the most widely known of Greek medical texts. It requires a new physician to swear upon a number of healing gods that he will uphold a number of professional ethical standards. i) “ to the best of my knowledge”  “Do no harm”, “no deadly drugs”, not to harm or to have sex with patience and to keep secret – recall oikos.  Not allowed to abort child/fetus, unless poses a danger to mother. d) In the corpus: i) Gynecological procedures and health ii) i.e.: nature of starility, children etc. e) mainly pathological i) Cases of diseases and complications not really on the female body.  But how it goes wrong. f) In antiquity, doctors were all males i) Some would not appreciate a male doctor nor approach one.  “Proper” female  didn’t come in contact with stranger ii) Hagmidic (3rd-4 century) – first female doctor.  Anectote (not historical fact): disguised himself as a male. Made all the physicians jealous  able to have all those female patience  accused with sleeping with all the female patience - Went to court  shows she is actually female. All the females protested that she lost her license  new rule: all free-born females could become doctors 3. 2 concepts of the female body: Hippocrates  women are completely different from males. Aristotle (4 century, philosopher, Scientist, historian  examined everything)  women were inferior versions of a male  i.e. infertile male. i) Reflects the cultural bias towards women. 4. Menstruation: a) Various reasons why bleeding: excess of moisture in the female body -> this makes them unstable; body temperature. b) Humor: fluid  causes change in behavior i) 4 categories  different combinations  Hot + dry = yellow bile (kholos)  Dry + cold = black bile  Wet + cold = blood  Wet + hot = phelgm ii) Each of us  these elements makes our moods/behaviour  4 character types - Bloody – sanguine  optimistic/cheerful - Yellow bile : choleric  hot tempered - Black bile : melancholy  sadness/depression - Phelgm: phlegmatic  Lazy  This theory was present until the 19 century. - Medical theories based on it. - Blood letting  present until 19 century iii) Body structure in antiquity:  Male  firm and structural/ compact – this is why he doesn’t menstruate.  Female  loose and spongy – the body soaks up excess liquid from stomach – like wool – this why they menstruate - Breasts – how loose or firm it
More Less

Related notes for CLA219H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.