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Lecture 3

Week 3: Greek/Roman Domesticity and Domestic Detailed notes for this week's topic (a continuation of both last week, as we didn't get through Motherhood, etc. then), including detailed notes for this week's topic. Also including a list of key terms and de

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Melanie Racette- Campbell

September 23 2010Marriage Sex Motherhood and DeathDecent translationsThe perseus Project onlineQuestions from last classMethodologyResistant readerrefusing to accept that dominant perspective in text is the only perspective ie reading between the lines to get information that would otherwise be obscure or inaccessibleMost information on wealthy women and their slavesnot necessarily on poor womenwhere was the interestExposure of girls widespreadEvidence for lower numbers of womenP 103 of Leftowitz and FantNaming ConventionsGreek women and men usually only have one nameOften taken from character traits ie AgapeloveOften have an additional identifier after ex Agape daughter ofAthenian women often werent referred to by their own name seen as disrespectful but were referred to as daughter ofSlaves also only had one nameRoman women also usually had one nameGotten in a different wayRoman men got their names byHave at least 2 names first namelimited number of themand a family namerdSome men also had a 3 name often used to differentiate different branches of mostly aristocratic familiesRoman namesGaius first name Julius family name Caesar additional nameHis daughter is named Julia feminine form of fathers family nameIf there were more than one daughter often they were numbered and often had family nicknamesThere are cases when the daughter does not get their name from her fatherHis freed slave is named Julia feminine form of her former masters family name Agape Greek name that she had as a slaveRoman slaves often had one name only that indicated their ethnic origin or sometimes were joke namesRoman women kept their fathers names and did not take on their husbands nameswont be tested on how Greek and Roman names workjust useful to knowGuardianship and Legal Status of WomenAll children born who were acknowledged fell under the guardianship of someoneUsually father if father died young they get anotherBoys eventually attain adulthood and dont need a guardian anymore women never reach legal adulthoodguardianship passed onto male relatives husbandetcWomen required permission of guardian to do anything make large purchases make willsetcLater in Roman history free women were rewarded by being freed from their guardians after giving birth to 34 children about first centuryEven these women were not full citizens like male members of their familyNo right to vote no right to hold court of lawthere were some religious offices that were held by womenMarriageWomen married youngEarlymid teens first marriageMen usually married in late 20s or early 30sWomen expected to be virgins at the time of their first marriagechastity very importantExpected to be faithful to their husbandsCould be killeddivorced if they werentWomens infidenlity would call legitimacy of their children into questionMen werent expected to be faithful but were expected to honour their wivesCouldnt bring anyone else into their homes to rival their wivesCould be with prostitutes of either sex without being considered adulterersProblems only arose if they had sex with a virgintheir chastity was the property of her guardianPurpose of MarriageMarried for almost anything but for loveMarriage could end if couple were unable to have childrenmajor purpose for marriageNecessary to pass on property to honour fathers gravesHesiod Theogony 603612whoever avoids marriageand this evil cannot be healedanother potential reason to marry would be the womans dowrydowry essentially remains attached to womangoes with her if she remarries but while married to her the husband could use itin event of her death it would go back to her familyfatherDowry is an inalienable part of the wife even if shes unable to use the money propertyetcCould also be used to keep property within families
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