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Week 9:Hellenistic Queens and Courtesans VERY extensive notes on this week's topic, taken both in class and from lecture recordings afterwards. Includes many helpful images, as well as relevant family trees. 16 pages! Enjoy =)

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University of Toronto St. George
Melanie Racette- Campbell

November 25 2010Hellenistic Queens and CourtesansThe prohibition for mentioning the name of a respectable woman in public is ONLY in ththeffect in Athens in the Classical period in the 4 and 5 centuries BCIt seemed to be an issue of her name being mentioned in specifically male spheres like in court or in the assemblyExam tip pay close attention to WHERE things are happeningas sometimes customs and practices differ per locationHellinisticfrom Greekby GreeketcMany important changes occurred during the Hellenistic eraMany had direct effects on the status of womenSome of these changes were truly new and a result of the new wealth and areas under Greek control and of the imposition of absolute monarchies on the GreeksSome things that looked like changes including an increase in the value of a privatelife for men were really the intensification of changes that had started in the ClassicaleraOverall in the Hellenistic era there were more opportunities for women to act independently and have a role in the public life of their citiesFor a few individual women in the Hellenistic era there were opportunities to act in the larger public and military life in the state levelOfficially begins in 323 BCE with the death of Alexander the GreatThe roots of many of the changes in this era occurred during his lifetimeBorn the son of the king of MacedoniaPhillipin the city of Pella in Northern GreeceClaimed throne of Macedon after his fathers assassination in 336 BCOver the next 13 years expanded kingdom outwards all of Greece Egypt former Persian empire along the Black Sea and as far as Pakistan and IndiaAlexanders conquests brought an unpresidented amount of territory under the rule of a single manMeant the imposition of a single monarchy over all of Greece which previously had been ruled by a number of small types of individual government including some small types of monarchies some democracies some oligarchies rule of a few aristocratic governmentsEstablished Greek cities everywhere he wentdid not just conquer then leaveThrough the foundation of cities he spread Greek culture and Greek languageProbably most famous foundation was in EgyptAlexandriaLater became the scientific literary and commercial centre of the Greek worldMeaning the centre of the Greek world moved OUT of Greece and to EgyptThe spread of Greek culture and civic life not to mention the spread of economic opportunities for Greece made them a more cosmopolitan people than ever before and opened them up to much more interaction from other culturesThe widespread movement of individuals after this was set up caused a certain breakdown of traditional structuresPeople were no longer living their whole lives where they were bornBefore this a Greeks life was based on their home family and city with more movement going down the ties that they had with their birth families and cities were weakened and new ties had to come up in their placeSome of these breakdowns of traditional structures are those that kept women in the private sphere and tied to their familiesWhile there was much more change for men there was also a certain amount of change and gain in freedom for womenAlexanders early death left the kingdom in shamblesthere was no clear heirHis wife was pregnant at the timebut this child son couldnt ruleAlexander had a halfbrother who was too mentallychallenged to ruleInitially there were regents set up for Alexanders son and halfbrother but neither of these ended up working out as both were killed in the ensuing conflicts after Alexs deathEventually through negotiation fighting and takeover 3 separate kingdoms emergedSeleucid KingdomAntigonid KingdomPtolemaic KingdomNames of the kingdoms come from the names of the founding rules of their dynastyAll this was established by 281 BC
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