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Women in Art and Poetry.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Regina Höschele

Lecture 4 (10/02/12): Women in Art and Poetry - Peplos Kore (ca. 520 BC). Simply named because she is wearing the Peplos garment and she is a girl - Peplos: full length garment worn by Greek women, the typical women's garment by the Classical period - Kore: Greek for maiden - Archaic statues are not very dynamic, very stiff, often the same expression and posture - Archaic Smile: facial expression of most archaic statues, just a small smile so the statue is not serious but is also not outright happy - Not clear what these statues are for, could represent something like grace, a generic representation of highborn girls, a minor god, or Athena herself - Strong arguments in favour of viewing it as Athena - The kouros was naked as apposed to the fully clothed girl - Kouros: Greek for young man - Polychromy: to have more than one colour - The Greek and Roman statues were originally polychromatic with many different colours, its up to personal preference whether that or monochrome is more attractive - Genitals on the statues are smaller than you would expect, this is an aesthetic aspect - Funerary Statue of Phrasiklea (ca. 540 BC), an actual representation of the dead girl, very well preserved with both the image and the epigram (pedestal) - Epigram: A brief and interesting poem, from the Greek word 'to inscribe' - Elegy: A mournful song, usually a funerary lament - Epitaph: A short text honouring a dead person - The image could have been buried to protect it from a tyrant who had returned to Athens - The inscription is two lines and written is elegiac meter - Inscription about always being a maiden reflected by the statue which will always be of a maiden - Phrasiklea the name means 'to which fame is a goal' - Klea comes from Kleos, fame, this is something that has to be bestowed on you by a poet - She actually has fame, the tomb has made her famous, she will always be famous for being a maiden - The standard mode of reading in ancient Greece is to read aloud - The flower she is holding is a lotus, it opens and closes, rekindles - Might read it as the embodiment of the household, she doesn't get it in real life but she gets to carry the symbol to the underworld - Copy of Praxiteles Cnidian Aphrodite (4th cen.), famous for being the first nude female figure - Story is that it was modeled after the Hetaera Phryne with whom Praxiteles had an affair with - This is the most copied statue in antiquity (statues always copied and sold for the art market) - The statue was central in a round temple so it could be admired from all angles, inspired many epigrams - The story of Praxiteles and Phryne has captured the imaginations of many authors - It is a representation o
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