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CLA 219.L10.02.Notes

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Regina Höschele

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CLA 219 – W OMEN INA NTIQUITY R. H ÖSCHELE 10/02/12 W OMEN IN ART AND POETRY **Midterm will cover everything up to the last class before it - Know the authors, the titles of the works, especially the BIG ones (most discussed in class) - Know the passages - Know roughly the dates of the sources - Definition, ID characters, passages (with question) Peplos Kore - Ca. 520 BC. - Peplos = type of garment - Kore ~ Persephone (trans., “Maiden”) - From the archaic period – found in the Acropolis o Art is not very dynamic, stiff o Archaic smile – lips slightly upturned in the corners (mysterious?) o Must’ve been holding something – an offering or a spear o One foot forward o Once painted - Scholars unclear of what their function is o Ideal feminine figure? Representative of health, grace o Generic image of aristocratic womanhood o Represented worshippers of Athena or the goddess herself - Male version called Kouroi – often naked as opposed to its fully clothed female counterpart (Archaic art) **Our sense of what antiquity is is conditioned by how thay have come down to us - If statues have survived with their paints intact, we would’ve thought that painted statues are the norm instead of the monochromatic ones - But statues were polychromous in antiquity – paint just didn’t survive o Polychromy = multicoloured Archaic Kouroi - Naked - Archaic smile - Stiff posture - Small genitals - One foot forward, hands by their - Ideal male form (archaic period) side **Slides of the reconstructed polychromous statues - Lion from Loutraki (near Corinth), ca. 550 BC - Statue of Paris on the West pediment of the Aphaia-temple (Aigina) o Painted as if he’s of Eastern origins (i.e., Trojans depicted as foreigners) o Painted clothes were patterned and very detailed - Armoured Athena with snake-head tasseled cloak (brightly patterned and very detailed) - Augustus of Prima Porta – the one in which he is formally armored with a cupid and a dolphin at his heels - Funerary statue of Phrasiklea, ca. 540 BC. o Found in 1972 o Includes epigram that honours dead girl – most likely an aristocrat o First time – earliest evidence of a statue and an epigram found together o Put up in the grave of the girl then later buried  A tyrant’s return prompted its burial for preservation o Epigram “I, Phrasiklea’s sema, shall always be called girl, having received this name from the gods instead of marriage.” - Elegiac poem – elegy = songs of mourning, lamentation o Elegy later related to love themes - Epigram – funerary or votive fucntions; inscribed on the objects o Disassociated with this function and used by poets for themes like love and werenot inscribed - Sema – sign, symbol or a grave/tomb – neuter word o Stands for something else o Soma sema – body as a tomb  The spirit trapped in earthly life - This means Phrasiklea died a maiden and will forever be a maiden o Deemed something positive o Belief - maiden bride for Hades - Kore statues used to mark graves of girls - Phrasiklea’s name o Kleos (Homer) – fame bestowed upon one by bards and poets (literary fame)  Greek concept of everlasting fame (because people speak of you) o One to whom fame is of concern = Phrasiklea - Phrasiklea remembered forever through epigram and statue - Flower = lotus – identified with the fire in the body, rekindled – open and close = blossoming - Premature death prevented one to be a wife – carrying the blossom, which is an emblem of marriage, instead o I.e., maiden did not achieve “full bloom” that marriage brings th - Roman copy of Praxiteles’ Cnidian Aphrodite (4 c. BC) o Anonymous epigram: “Cypris seeing Cypris in Cnidus said: ‘Alas, alas, where did Praxiteles see me naked?” o 1 representation of female nude – supposedly modeled after the famous hetaera Phryne o Story: island of Kos commissioned a statue of Aphrodite from Praxiteles who created 2 statues – one clothed, the other not – Kos took the clothed statue so Cnidus ended up with the naked one o Scene was of Aphrodite about to bathe, with her hand covering her genitalia o Most copied masterpiece in antiquity o Was set up in a round temple where it could be viewed on all sides o Inspired epigrams starring Aphrodite like the one above – with her showing appreciation of the statue and wondering when Praxiteles saw her fully o Venus Pudica – shameful Venus – type (Rome) o Also inspired stories of the affair between Phryne and Praxiteles nd  Alkiphron, Letters of Courtesans, 2 c. BC – fictive letter from Phryne to Praxiteles • Invitation to have sex in the temple
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