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Lecture

Female gynecology and anatomy.pdf

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Department
Classics
Course
CLA219H1
Professor
Regina Hoeschele
Semester
Fall

Description
Femalegynecology and anatomy October-30-12 5:31 PM Thenextmidtermwillbefocusedonthenextlectures. Thefinalexamcoversthewholeterm Ancientmedicine Female gynecology... Audio recording started: 5:58 PM October-30-12 Alotof medicaltextswerepreserved. Manyof theancientcureswerepeculiarbutitisinterestingtostudyitinthesocialcontext Hyppocraticoath: Medicalcodeofethics Tothisday anyonewhopracticesmedicineswearsbythehyppocraticoath Hippocrates:islandofCos countlesswritingstranslatedunderthenameofhippocratesbutmostareprobsnotauthentic. Dozensofthetreatisesareunited Corpus(body-alsocanbeappliedtoa bodyofwork)hippocratecum(itsanadjectivethatmodifiestheword 460 BC -knownfor histextonthe sacreddisease:epilepsy Regardedassentbythegods-that a god ordeamontakesaholdofyouand makesyoudo what theydo SwearsbyApolloandAsclepius(thesonofAppolo) Asclepiadsarepeopleinthemedicalprofession. Intheoath,you swearnotto performabortions,tohavesexwithpatients Inthecorpus,thereisquitea lotof anatomyand gynecology. Likesectionsonsterilityandthenatureofthechild Thiscorpusmostlyfocusesonpathology-likecaseswherepeoplegetsickorsomethinggoeswrong. Triestoexplainwhymalesarebetterthanfemale Thepracticingdoctorsweremostlyallmales Sosomewomenwouldhaveavoided Hagnodike:isawomanwhowantedtopracticemedicinebutwasntallowedtososhedisguisedherselfasaman andwentto alexandriatostudywithaveryfamousphysician. Sowhenshewenttoexaminethefemaleswhodidntwanttobeexaminedbyaman,sheshowedthatshewasinfact a womanandtheywouldletherexaminethem.themen werejealousand 2conceptsofthefemalebody: Hippocrates:thewomaniscompletelydifffromaman Aristotle:4thbc,examinedeverything,hetalkedabouteverything-thewomanisaninferiorversionoftheman:awomanis an infertileman.Reflectsaculturalbias.You neverhearaboutthemalebeingdeficient. Menstruationplaysahugepartabout thethinkingofthefemales. Definingfeatureofthewomanandresponsibleforallsortsofillnesses. Excessofmoistureinthefemaleandthisswhatmakesthemunstable Humours: Litterallyitmeansfluid,referstomoods. Therearefourpossiblecombinations. Hot Cold Dry yellowbile Blackbile Wet Blood phlegm Thesefourelementsareineveryperson. Fourcharactertypesassociatedwiththsesfourposscombinations: 1. WhereWetandhot istheprevailinghumouristhesocalledsanguineperson-meansinagoodmood-themostpositivetypeofthefour 2. Ofyouare dryand hot youare choleric:hottempered 3. Ifyouhavealotof blackbile(coldanddry)you aremelancholic:oppositeofthecholerictype 4. Ifyouhavealotof phlegmyouarephlegmatictoomuchwetcold. Firmandcompact: istheman Looseandspongy:isthewoman Accordingtoancienttexts,thewomansbodycollectsexcessbloodfromthestomachandiscomparedtowoolinthat thematerialsoaksupfluids.Breastsshowhowmuch looserfemalesbodiesare,whatmakesapersongocrazy iswhenfluidcollectsinthemandbreastsarewhywomanare alwaysclosertotheirrational. Aristotle:drawsacloseparallelbetweenwomensmenstruationandsemen.Excessbloodinthemaleisturnedintosemenbecauseoftheheattheygenerate. Thewomenarecoldsotheydont burnup enoughbloodandtheyarenthot enoughtoturn itintosemensotheyhaveto menstruatetoletitallout. Theyneverassociatedmenstrualbloodwithpol
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