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Lecture 5

CLA230 Lecture 5 Notes cont'd

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University of Toronto St. George
Dimitri Nakassis

CLA230 Lecture 5 Notes (continued in lecture 6) Renaissance of the 8 Century - increase in population - increase in sanctuary use – some sanctuaries used in the early Iron Age – but not much - increase in contact with the Mediterranean - recovery of literacy - re-emergence of figural art - however – continuation of earlier trends, especially 9 century B.C. - many things that were lost in early Iron Age were recovered – but slightly different Rich Athenian Graves - date 875 B.C. - pickup in wealthy graves - burial styles different between men and women - men – neck handled jar - women – belly handled jar - male – spearheads, sword – sword is wrapped around the handles of the jar, perhaps symbolic “death” of the weapon - female – grave goods are more gender appropriate – necklaces, earrings – golden earrings, design by granulation (from Bronze Age and reintroduced from the Near East) Al Mina - town excavated in 1930s - attempt to establish contact between Greece and Near East - Greek pottery found – perhaps a local town and Greek trading post - Levantine and Cypriot pottery found as well - another option – Al Mina established by locals – pottery taken from Greece - Al Mina – part of a kingdom in current southeast Turkey - trading station – founded around 825 B.C. - distinctive thttery type created in Euboea - pottery – 8 century Euboean pots – found in parts of the Mediterranean - sign of increased contact between Mediterranean and Greece Demography - increase in trade – one explanation – powered by demography - measured by tombs - plot made by Anthony Snodgrass – tombs at Athens, Argos, etc. and Attica outside Athens – burials per generation - tombs can be a proxy of population - likely that in the 8 century B.C., large population growth – perhaps close to doubling in numbers - increase in population might explain some of the movements outside the Greek world Late Geometric Graves - tomb markers – around 1-2 m high - large tomb pots used as tomb markers – “tomb pot” instead of tombstone - pot shows laying out of dead body on funeral pyre - symbols of people tearing out their hair in mourning - interest in showing human form - no narrative – just a human scene Sanctuaries - rise in sanctuaries - activity at Olympia rises – one of the four PanHellenic sanctuaries - places for athletic, musical competition and sites for religious activity - sanctuary at Olympia exists around 1200, 1100 B.C. but in the 8 century th B.C., attendance picks up - tripods in sanctuary - not yet architecturally elaborated – no actual “temple” yet - sacrifices – pile of ash and bone – grew over time as people kept offering sacrifices - place to compete with people not from home town – any Greek was allowed to compete at Olympia – reason for being called “PanHellenic” Temple at Dreros - on Crete, around the 8 century B.C. - small single room with a hearth - b
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