Class Notes (839,245)
Canada (511,223)
Classics (1,714)
CLA230H1 (136)
Lecture 5

CLA230 Lecture 5 Notes

4 Pages

Course Code
Dimitri Nakassis

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
CLA230 Lecture 5 Notes System Collapse - palaces are thstroyed th - around 13 century B.C., early 12 century B.C. - unclear why – fire destruction in Mycenae, Mediterranean, etc. - in Tiryns, fire destruction was accompanied by earthquake – perhaps in Mycenae as well - fire destructions are also the reason for the preservation of some linear B tablets – firing of clay tablets - reasons for fire destruction – accidental, earthquake, perhaps human intervention – unsure - some explanations – internal and external - internal • social unrest • infighting etc. – Greek mythology • extended drought • systems collapse - external • sea peoples • invasion from the north • cessation of international trade - myth – “Heroic Age” could be Greek Bronze Age – they destroy each other - sea peoples • known from Egyptian propaganda • Ramses III “brags” that he drove some out of his territory • perhaps well-organized raiders that swept across Mycenaean Greece, destroying as they went • unclear how effective they truly were – much of it may be Egyptian propaganda – sea peoples’ ability may have been exaggerated - old explanation – Dorian invasion • Dorians came out of Northern Greece and took over • return of the descendants of Herakles, the Dorians • take back what was theirs • Sparta was part of Dorian Greece – the Dorian invasion justifies their rule of the Peloponnese • all later propaganda perhaps and not actually a historical fact - shock to eastern Mediterranean system – deterioration of Greece because of reliance on international trade - unclear what actually happened – likely a combination of events - internal vs. external stimuli – to formulate theory of collapse - event vs. process – is it an event, such as the burn of the palaces and systemic destruction, or is it a slow descent and the destruction of palaces being the most important factor, converging at 1200 B.C. - one event or multiple events over time? - many Mycenaean palaces that appear to be separately controlled – one underlying cause for palaces, or all different causes for the destruction of each – results are not all the same - at Pylos – extreme depopulation after palatial destruction – more or less abandoned - at Mycenae/Tiryns – continued to live in the area after the destruction – Tiryns even gets slightly larger and a small palace is built in the ruins of the previous one “The Dark Age” - around 1200-800 B.C. - early Iron Age - loss of writing, monumental architecture, sculpture, figural art, population, and rich burials (for the most part) - period of intense scrutiny – transition from Bronze Age culture to Classical culture Problem of the “Dark Age” - not too much evidence to properly identify what truly happened - Papadopoulos quote: “Too much was happening in Early Iron Age Greece for it to warrant the term ‘dark age’.” - types of available evidence – relative scarcity means too much weight is put on individual bits of evidence - example of Snodgrass’ “pastoralism” theory, archaeology at Nichoria, and Greek historical traditions - Anthony Snodgrass • theory that in early Iron Age, there was a basic economic change – “pastoralism” • reason for the lack of archaeological evidence – because they travelled so much, they only created temporary settlements • in Homer – heroes often raided each other’s cattle and livestock – Snodgrass uses this to support his theory – remembrance of early Iron Age period • problems with theory – study animal bones, etc. – at Nichoria site • in Iron Age, the number of cattle bones increased compared to sheep and goats • many bones that were processed in early Iron Age – likely not found in excavations • as well, not found in other sites – just Nichoria – issue of sample size - problems with chronology, absolute and relative - regional variation – cannot synchronize dates - chronology - reliance on tomb assemblages – use pottery to date – pottery chronology – with regional variation it is difficult to connect typologies Basileus - wanax – linear B – hon
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.