Class Notes (835,494)
Canada (509,211)
Classics (1,714)
CLA231H1 (126)
Lecture

Lecture 3: Foundation of the Republic and the Struggle of the Orders

3 Pages
83 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classics
Course
CLA231H1
Professor
Glenn Wilkinson
Semester
Fall

Description
Foundation of the Republic and the Struggle of the Orders The Last King and the Rape of Lucretia  Romulus was the first of seven kings  Romans became increasingly autocratic  Crown prince Sextus Tarquinius lusted after Lucretia  Raped Lucretia and gave her an ultimatum, as a result she committed suicide  Lucretia’s family swore vengeance against the Tarquins th  At the end of the 6 century ~ 509 BCE, there were no longer any kings and Rome was governed by a republic Republican Constitution  Res publica – public matter  Magistrates  Elected by the people  Finite terms  Principle of collegiality o More than one magistrate to avoid power centralization  Consul o Highest authority in Roman Empire o 2 consuls were appointed per given year o They were the lead generals in war o Military imperium was only granted to consuls who were outside of Rome o Highest civilian authority  Proposed legislature  Punished criminals o 12 lictors  Bodyguards  Carried the fasces, symbols of power  Praetor o Annual office o When consul is absent, praetor has authority o If necessary was granted military imperium o Originally only 1 but more were added if necessary o 6 lictors  Aedile o Annual office o In charge of buildings  Quaestor o Annual office o Managed funds  Cursus Honorum – course of offices o Minimum age for election of 30 o Advanced up the ranks as years pass  Outside of the Cursus Honorum o Censor  Only former consuls were appointed as censors  2 censors for every 5 years, usually only held office for 1.5 years  Responsible for census  Compiled lists of roman citizens with details for voting procedures  Can remove people from people from the senate for “perceived moral flaws” o Dictator  In times of crisis 1 man was given absolute authority  24 lictors  Term no greater than 6 months  Tribune of the plebs  Struggle of the orders o Senate  Originally advised the king  Cursus Honorum holders made up the senate  Responsible for major spending decisions  Decided where consuls fought wars  Received diplomats  Made legal proposals - Senatus Con
More Less

Related notes for CLA231H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit