Class Notes (783,893)
Canada (480,852)
Classics (1,673)
CLA231H1 (126)
Lecture 12

Lecture 12: Marius and Sulla
Lecture 12: Marius and Sulla

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Glenn Wilkinson

Marius and Sulla Crisis in Numidia and Gaul  Trouble with Jugurtha o After 146 BCE, the destruction of Carthage, Africa was still not under control o The king of Numidia, an ally of Rome died and split his kingdom between three sons o Jugurtha killed one of his brothers and the other appealed to Rome o They agreed to split Numidia between the remaining brother, Rome and Jugurtha o Jugurtha captured his brother and executed him o This began a war with Numidia and Rome  Trouble in Germany o Rome was having trouble in Transalpine Gaul in 121 BCE o Between 113 and 105 BCE, Rome underwent campaigns to remove the Germans but were constantly defeated o Rome’s worst defeat was in 105 BCE, due to nobles and ‘new men’ being unable to get along  These failures were embarrassing to Rome and unsuccessful generals were prosecuted Marius  Background and early career o Born in Arpinum into the equestrian class o Marius was climbing the cursus honorum in the late 120s BCE  First consulship (107 BCE) and defeat of Jugurtha (105 BCE) o His election to consulship was opposed by the optimates but he was elected Consul by popular support in 107 o He managed to defeat Jugurtha in 105 with the help of Mauretania  Four more consulships (104-100 BCE) and defeat of the Germans o During 104-100 he was elected consul four more times and managed to defeat the gauls  Conflict with the Optimates; Military Reforms o The senate did not like him because he was a new man and a populist o He recruited men of lower status and promised them land through a proposal o It was opposed by the senate but passed through popular support o His veterans also used violence and intimidation to prevent dissenters from voting o The veterans had no care for the senate because they came from the lower class o In 100 BCE he became unpopular and disappeared from the political scene The Social War (91 – 87 BCE)  Some Italian cities wanted more inclusion in state affairs  In 91 BCE, a tribune who supported citizenship in Italian cities was assassinated  This sparked a revolt in some Italian cities  The rebels had early success  In 90 and 86 BCE, whoever joined back with Rome was granted citizenship  In the end all Italian citizens were granted citizenship  This resulted in the unintended consequence of Romanization of Italy Sulla  Background and Early Career o Born to the patrician class o Elected quaestor in 107 o Served under Marius in the wars against Numidia and Gaul o Elected praetor in 96 o Elected governor in 96  First Consulship (88 BCE) and the “First March on
More Less

Related notes for CLA231H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.