Class Notes (811,138)
Canada (494,513)
Classics (1,680)
CLA231H1 (126)

Lecture 27 Judaism

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Glenn Wilkinson

Lecture 27 (November 22) Ancient Judaism Mystery Cults - flourished - one supreme deity above the others - often foreign – Egypt or Persia - cult closed to the public – only those initiated in a secrete ritual could participate - the god is considered to be a saviour god Isis - sister-wife of Osiris - mother of Horus - myth spread – only vaguely connected to original Egyptian cult - initiation similar to baptism – white garments - primary title – Queen of Heaven - most powerful of divine beings - typically depicted as enthroned and suckling divine child Horus - striking similarity in depiction to Virgin Mary and Christ Child Mithras - divine being in Persian religion - worship of Mithras – considered a Persian god but unrelated to the Perian cult - only men could be initiated - popular with Roman army - astrology as central - not much of theology is known – central myth is that of Mithrss slaying the bull - depctions of Mithras slaying a bull – seven astrological symbols, that represent the seven layers/levels of heaven - seven initiation levels to symbolize ascension Ancient Judaism before the Rmans - background – Semitic people group originally from Judea, Jerusalem, etc. - caught between several major powers – Syria, Hellenistic Kingdoms, Persia, etc. - periods of relative autonomy but mainly under the sway of the major surrounding powers - in some cases it meant much upheaval, but also meant many cultural impacts - monotheistic being – one and only temple in Jerusalem - has a priestly class/caste – also political elite - cult centered around the practice of animal sacrifice - both Judea and Jerusalem as focal point – but many Jews lived elsewhere either voluntarily (trade, commerce) or involuntarily (slavery, exile) - diaspora – Jewish dispersion - regular phenomenon concerning relocation – but strong tendency of Jews to retain core religion - those in diaspora could not make it to Jerusalem to temple - began to build synagogues (often initially in someone’s home), not temples – in first century B.C. - synagogues – maintain connection, collect temple tax, read texts, and communal praying Judaism – Pompey to Augustus - siege on temple in Jerusalem by Pompey – did not take long - when over – Pompey entered the most holy site in the holy temple, an area where only the high priest could enter, and only one day a year - beginning of Roman control - the subsequent 25 years – much infighting among Jewish elites – Rome did not pay attention (civil war) - one of the men vying for power (Herod) managed to get Roman backing – installed as client-king – maintain the territory for Rome - capture of Jerusalem in 37 B.C. but Herod – not ethnically Jewish and not seen as a legitimate king therefore had to capture - managed to maintain his grip on power until his death in 4 A.D. – delicate switch of loyalty from client of Antony to Augustus - legacy of Herod – massive building program - large Roman-style city on Mediterranean coast – Casearea, after Augustus - harbour – within a matter of decades it sank - massive undertaking – built Herod’s temple in Jerusalem – constructed in 1 st century B.C. to 1 century A.D. - after death of Herod – kingdom divided among sons – but Rome quickly stepped in and controlled by equestrian magistrates (Pontius Pilate) Trouble in Alexandria - apartheid system in Egypt – Greek political elite - native Egyptian under-class - large population of Jews – especially in the city of Alexandria –
More Less

Related notes for CLA231H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.