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sept 11- first lecture

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University of Toronto St. George
Victoria Wohl

Greek culture:  One of the ways greek thought of themselves; was by what they are not- define by what we aren’t. to be greek is to not to be not greek  Non-greeks were thought to be barbarians (Greeks thought they were like word that sounds like what it is)  Barbarians were thought to all things opposite of the Greeks  Barbarians wore pants- but Greeks wore togas (pants means something to hide)  Greeks used the barbarians to set them apart (as a frame of reference)  Men vs Women-  Men were everything women weren’t (reference point)  Men are strong, women are at home, men deal with politics….  How they defined themselves  Different means “inferior”  However the GODs are superior  Greeks told stories of gods to better understand themselves (mortality etc)  These frames of references “defined” themselves too (contrast)  Persians thought they were superior to the Greeks (and invaded twice)  How the Greeks used these “others”  No authors are women, so written pieces are male created about women  Like “fiction” about women  Women had to have a male guardian to speak for them on legal matters  How do you compromise or political agreements with those we think are so inferior or opposite of you  Greek self-definition  ALTERITY: relationship between self and other  (like how Americans thought of the Russians during the cold war)  Alterity makes it hard to accept others and make self criticism impossible  Alphabet, drinking practices and others related or taken form Persians  In tragedies- the Greeks have empathy and see other paths  Engaged in trade in the various places in and around the meditarranean sea (Egypt, turkey, etc)  On one hand they are economically dependent on some groups and yet work so hard to separate themselves  The Greeks depend the sea and the aegeain sea (for fish obvi) but also for power  The most power = the best navy (aka the atheains)  Most responabile for naval power is the rowers  Topography, is very mountainous  The communication in between Greeks was hard as they lived in the mountain
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