2 types put against each other (Sophrosune of Apollo + Dionysiac worship of
ecstasy and excitement.)
Ambiguity of religion of itself and Dionysiac religions, own ambiguity (unifying and
Dionysiac worship it always us to expense its religion (power of fear)
Dionysiac worship theatre
You forget yourself
mimesis (1-eis ) imitation of relation
the play a mimesis of the action
Greeks fascinated about mimesis how it blurs the line between the real and the
Bacchants expresses along the themes.
Agaia killing her child but thinks it’s a lion’s head she is carries
Up in the mountain what is happening?
Puts on a costume of human being Pentheus actually believes it’s a stranger
Multiple mimesis in terms of the actor
Which is the reality of which is the theatrical illusion.
Metatheatricalcalls its own reminder that it is a theatre
Pentheus changes personality ( becomes a women/ who he wears a female’s
Gets drawn into it and from imitating to becoming loses himself
The line of mimesis of reality is central in this play.
Possibly she is holding Pentheus’ mask when she comes down the mountain
Again draws into questioning what we are seeing.
The play as a allegory of mimesis
Also what are the Bacchants themselves guy dressed as bacchants
When Pentheus charges he sees double 2 cities = we see 2 things
City Dionysia (Greate)
Festival of Dionysia
3 day fest. spring in Athens
3 tragedies each day (different)
it was entertainment and civic event
in acropolis up to 9-15 thousand citizens ( Men who were Athenian
women were at home) however its rather bleak on the evidence
If women were there or not possibly it wasn’t proper females who were
there (courtesans, flawed females or foreign females)
Citizens of the Panel would choose the plays themselves
The Athenian gov’t would pay for it.
Everyone saw, no reason not to tickets would be subsidized if you couldn’t
405 BE ( after Peloponnesian War)
2 directors needed for the play that year show how expensive it got?
Acropolis intentionally built in curvature to allow the voices to be
magnified when speaking normally.
Also possible that they wore masks with slightly small megaphones inside.
All actors and chores were males
Some males were specifically trained to play female roles
Religion and civil event
Civic ritual: before the plays
Awarding crown to generals
Awarding crown to benefactors who had done great services to the city.
Or theatrical display of Athenian imperial power. Parade of orphaned children
whose fathers who were killed in wars/battles
They became children of state
Something similar to the reading of Thucydides
Embodies values and propaganda of the city?
Festival similar propaganda
Possible to read it as lesson in Sophrosune
Human definition of limitation, tragedy
A straight forward moral lesson
If so, in a more ambiguous sort of way
We can see that it is a lesson of knowing thyself
But also how difficult it is to truly know yourself
Living in excess ideal
But how do you know if you don’t go through it first.
Tragedy no absolute resolution
Multiple levels of lessons
Live not in excess but is Dionysus worth worshipping?
Allows us to question and to answer our own questions Doesn’t teach us what to think but how to think
There is a tragedy aspect
Scene from Satyr play
Shirt, static comedy based on history
Often a humor but in a ludicrous sceneries
Often used far or sex jokes
Satyr mythic player
Part human horse tail, pointy ears, dirty beardm even with goat legs
So part horse, goat and man
A myth when Hera tried to get rid of Dionysus Zeus saves him by
sending him to Satyrs and not a good choice
Spent their days drinking and having sex
Often trying to have their way with anything t