Class Notes (837,447)
Canada (510,273)
Classics (1,714)
CLA232H1 (202)
Lecture

Introduction to Greek Culture (Lecture #2) September 13th .docx

4 Pages
87 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classics
Course
CLA232H1
Professor
Victoria Wohl
Semester
Fall

Description
TH Introduction to Greek Culture (Lecture #2)  September 13 2012  Athens had been settled since the Bronze Age (Mycenaean settlements)  Demography: Attica  Autochthony (Coming from the very earth Born of the Earth)  Athena- Patron god of Athens + Virgin goddess  Erichthonios: Born of Hephaestos + The soil of Attica (King)  Ownership of the land (Biological connection)  Exclusivity (Physical connection to the land)  Difficult to become an Athenian citizen  Exclusive attitude towards other Greeks  Connected between blood ties (Brotherhood- Strong ties)  Poseidon (Offered a spring) and Athena (Offered the Olive Tree)  A sense of exceptionalism, inequalities (better than other Greeks)  Idealizing maternity (Qualities of Athena)  Special because of its democracy (For The People)  Archaic Period (Ruled by oligarchy and then by a tyrant)  (510 BCE) Pisistratus exiled and democracy formed  Radical Democracy (One person represents the People)  Direct Democracy (People are the Government)  Demokratia  kratos (authority) + demos (of the people)  Directly by the citizens of Athens (6000 quarum) Show of hands  Native born Athenian men over 18 = VOTING CITIZENS  Women + Foreigners could not vote  45,000 of 300,000 Athenians were allowed to vote (Name was pulled out of a hat)  Every citizen was a politician  Aristocrats were not happy about power to the people  Aristocrats looked upon democracy as a “Tyranny of the Mob”  Pericles reflects the ideals of the society  Delivered in 431 BC (War of Athens + Sparta)  Epitaphios Logos (Speech over the grave)  Start of Democracy  Kleos (Glory that lives on after death) Reward for Heroes  All of the Athenians are given “kleos” after death  Vague on where the war started, who they were up against  Recruit soldiers into the war  Glorified version of Athens  Idealized Vision  Pericles (General in the War 450-430 BCE) What are the qualities of an Athenian?  Snobby  Autonomous  Honorable  Courageous  Manly  Loyal  Responsible  Pious  Efficient  Smart  Pride  Generous  Disciplined  Adaptable  Moderate  Informed  Nobles  Starts with the ancestors (Starts with “autochthony”)  Mechanics of democracy  Part of the nationality character  Freedom to the individual  Kalokagathia (abstract form)  beautiful, noble, virtuous  The Good Man + The Great Man  Social + Moral Sense of Nobility  Attribute of the whole Athenian polis  Not everyone is involved  Appealing to the nobility  Socially divided between the rich and poor  Everyone is aristocratic in the moral sense  Leisure for everyone (DEMOCRATIZE PLEASURE)  Pericles spent the tribute to spread the pleasure to the people  Commoners defined against noblemen  Homogenous citizen body  Eleutheria (Aut
More Less

Related notes for CLA232H1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit